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Greater China Exchanges: Hong Kong, Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges set up joint venture

Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing Limited (HKEx), Shanghai Stock Exchange (SHSE) and Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE) signed an agreement today (Thursday) to establish a joint venture (JV) in Hong Kong with an aim to develop financial products and related services.  The three exchanges hope this new venture will help promote the development of China’s capital markets, enhance the competitiveness of these markets and promote the internationalisation of the three bourses.

 The principal business of the JV will include, but not be limited to, the development and franchising of index-linked and other equity derivatives products; the compilation of cross-border indices based on products traded on the three markets; and the development of industry classification for listed companies, information standards and information products.  They will also include market promotion, customer services, technical services and infrastructure development.

Initially, the JV will develop a series of cross-border indices on which a family of index products will be introduced.  This series of indices will include a benchmark cross-border index comprising large Mainland enterprises listed on HKEx’s wholly-owned subsidiary.  The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited, SHSE and SZSE, and two indices based on this cross-border index – an index comprising A-share constituents and an index comprising Hong Kong market constituents.  The index products will include equity index futures and options based on these indices and they will be traded on HKEx’s derivatives market.

The JV’s nine-member board will be comprised of three directors nominated by each of the exchanges.  SHZE and SZSE will each nominate a Joint Chairman from their representatives on the board.  HKEx will nominate the Chief Executive from its designated directors.

The JV will have an initial paid-up capital of $300 million, with HKEx, SHSE and SZSE each contributing $100 million.  The three exchanges will have equal shareholding interest in the JV.  The exchanges aim to establish the JV within three months from the execution of the agreement.

“Building on the many well-established ties among the three exchanges, the new venture will provide a new platform for our cooperation and we hope that it will contribute to the further development of Hong Kong and the Mainland’s capital markets,” said HKEx Chief Executive Charles Li.

“As China continues to open up and the RMB gradually internationalises, it is inevitable we will have to compete in the international capital market.  Our efforts to further cooperation with HKEx and develop products for the offshore market will bring about a win-win situation for both Hong Kong and the Mainland,” said SHSE President Zhang Yujun.

“The establishment of the JV will help increase foreign investors’ exposure to the Mainland market via Hong Kong.  In addition, the JV can help raise the Mainland capital market’s influence in offshore markets and provide opportunities to explore opening up measures,” said SZSE President and CEO Song Liping.

Source: Mondovisone, 28.06.2012

Filed under: Asia, China, Exchanges, Hong Kong, , , , , , , , , , ,

China QFII quota increase April 2012

International asset managers are preparing to apply for the expanded quotas for China’s qualified foreign institutional investor (QFII) scheme and its renminbi-denominated equivalent (RQFII), but the opening will benefit only some.

Last week the China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC) said it would increase the total quota for the QFII scheme to $80 billion from $30 billion. At the same time, it released a second batch of RQFII quotas of Rmb50 billion ($7.92 billion), which will be used for A-share exchange-traded funds (ETFs) listed in Hong Kong.

“Even though the additional $50 billion QFII quota and Rmb50 billion under RQFII are not significant amounts for the A-share market, they still have a positive impact,” says Shenzhen-based Da Cheng Fund Management.

Unlike the first batch of RQFII quotas (Rmb20 billion released last December), which were shared by 21 Hong Kong subsidiaries of Chinese fund managers and securities firms, the second batch will only be granted to a few experienced managers.

“We have been preparing for this product for many months and we are confident we will be one of the managers to get the RQFII ETF quota,” says Michelle Chua, regional head of business development at Harvest Global Investors, the international arm of Beijing-based Harvest Fund Management.

The existing A-share ETFs offered in Hong Kong are mostly synthetic (swaps-based) products, but RQFII will broaden the range of physically backed products.

The new ETFs will directly invest in A-shares, explains Chua, so that “there will be no counterparty risk, no p-note [participation note] cost and no foreign exchange difference, as the ETF currency denomination [in renminbi] is the same as [that of] the underlying investments”.

Harvest FMC and Huatai Pinebridge were the two managers that jointly launched the CSI 300 ETF, the first cross-market ETF tracking stocks listed on both the Shanghai and Shenzhen exchanges.

The CSRC will take the RQFII pilot scheme to the next level by expanding its scale, allowing more types of financial institutions to participate and more flexibility in terms of asset allocation.

For the QFII scheme, the previous ceiling was lifted from $10 billion to $30 billion in 2007 after the China-US Strategic Economic Dialogue took place. The increase of $50 billion this time is hailed by local media as “unprecedented”.

Since the QFII scheme commenced in 2003, the CSRC has granted licences to 158 foreign financial institutions from 23 countries and regions. They include 82 asset managers, 11 insurance firms, 23 commercial banks, 13 securities companies and 29 other institutions, such as sovereign wealth funds, pension funds and endowment funds.

The CSRC says 129 out of the 158 qualifiers have obtained a total of $24.5 billion in QFII quotas. As of March 23, 74.5% of the assets in the QFII accounts were invested in the domestic stock market, 13.7% in bonds and 9.6 % in bank deposits. The total holding of QFIIs counts for 1.09% of the market capitalisation of domestic A-shares.

Z-Ben Advisors views the latest changes as “unambiguous signals of China’s intent to attract more offshore investors and a sign that market investments will play a key role in the government’s plan to internationalise the Rmb”.

The Shanghai-based consultancy suggests that, in the short term, asset managers in the QFII application queue should expect accelerated approvals.

Regulators have already upped the pace of approvals since the end of last year. In March, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange granted a record $2.11 billion of quotas to 15 companies, compared with a total quota of $1.87 billion handed out during 2011.

“The QFII programme enhances our experience of monitoring cross-border securities investment and capital flows,” the CSRC says. “The QFIIs, mainly overseas long-term value investors, have diversified the domestic investor structure, upgraded the quality of listed companies and promoted the international recognition of domestic capital markets.”

Source: Asian Investor, 10.04.2012

Filed under: China, News, , , , , , , , , , , , ,

China Insight: QDII updates, Disparated Financial Standards and new Market Reforms – KapronAsia

Overview of the QDII Program in China

The QDII (Qualified Domestic Institutional Investor) program was first launched in 2004 initially for insurance companies to invest their foreign exchange funds in the Chinese companies traded in overseas markets, with PingAn insurance company being the first institutional investor to receive a QDII quota of US$8.89 billion. Since then, the program has expanded and now allows institutional investors, including commercial banks, security companies, fund companies, insurance companies and trust funds to raise funds in mainland China and invest in offshore capital markets under the control of China’s foreign exchange regulator.

China’s Disparate Financial Standards

China’s financial standardization lags behind the relatively rapid development of the financial industry globally and has yet to meet the demands of technology innovation and business expansion. This can slow the pace of technology advancement as competing standards add layers of complexity and make it more difficult to come up with straightforward technology solutions to clients’ problems. The PBOC has realized that financial standardization does and will continue to play a pivotal role in financial informationization and regards standardization work as an important strategic measure to promote China’s financial industry.

Further Reform of China’s Stock Markets in 2012
After being stuck in a bear market for the past few years, China’s stock market hasn’t kept up with the country that has become the world’s second largest economy following the U.S.. Facing this bear stock market, Guo Shuqing, the new chairman of the China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC), seems confident in China’s stock market, saying that the blue chips in China’s stock market are of real value, although overhaul and reform are necessary now to move the market forward. He has raised several new ideas that may contribute to this needed reform.

Source: KapronAsia, 10.04.2012

Filed under: China, Exchanges, Standards, , , , , , , , , ,

Shanghai Stock Exchange takes on HFT speculators, amongst other global exchanges

The Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) has become the latest bourse to signal a crackdown on the huge number of messages high-frequency traders generate.

Having carried out research into trader speculation and its effect on the market, the Chinese exchange operator has vowed to take on the issue with “both technique and system”.The SSE will impose trading limits on accounts “with such abnormal trading behaviors as making orders in a large sum or at high prices, or conducting frequent false orders and withdrawals”.Firms that continue to break the new rules will be designated unqualified investors, facing trading restrictions for several days and referral to the China Securities Regulatory Commission.

Yesterday US operators Nasdaq OMX and Direct Edge outlined plans to fine high-frequency traders for carrying out too many cancelled orders, following a path already taken in Europe by Deutsche Börse and Borsa Italiana.

The Shanghai bourse and its rival Shenzhen Stock Exchange have also both moved to curb excessive speculation and volatility in shares in newly listed companies. New rules mean there will be a 30 minute suspension on shares that rise or fall by 10% from their opening prices on their first day of trading.

Filed under: Asia, China, Exchanges, Risk Management, , , , , , , , ,

Shenzhen Stock Exchange revamps trading system

SZSE held the celebration for 10-year anniversary of the 4th version of trading system, also for launching the construction of the 5th version of trading system.

The 4th version of trading system, officially launched on November 12, 2001, was independently researched and developed by SZSE, which, adhering to the fundamental principal of “secure, efficient and self-controllable”, constantly expands and improves the function and performance of the system in light of the needs for constructing China’s multi-layer capital market. In the past 10 years, the 4th version of trading system has witnessed the establishment of split share structure reform, SME Board, ChiNext, and Zhongguancun Park Enterprises Stock Quotation System, and other major business innovation including ETFs, LOFs, margin trading securities lending in the process of rapid development of Shenzhen securities. It plays a significant role as technology support to guarantee the safe and stable market operation and push forward the construction of multi-layer capital market. By far, the 4th version of trading system has provided trading services for as many as 1800 securities, 4700 sales networks and 100 million investors, with the actual peak amount of daily entrusted deals handled as high as 22.47 million, and a 10-year record for continuously safe operation.

As multi-layer capital market continuously develop healthily in China, SZSE, on the basis of ongoing plan, now officially implement constructing new version of transaction system, namely the 5th version of transaction system, so as to support the future business development, provide better market transaction services, and reinforce market competitiveness. The prospective 5th version of trading system aims at, on the one hand, building a scientific and sound structure with higher efficiency, larger capacity, better security, more expansibility and more flexible business adaptation, on the other hand constructing an integrated transaction platform capable of supporting multi-layer, multi-variety, multi-market. It is expected to be launched in 2015, by the time of which the new system’s speed of handling orders will reach more than 200 thousand deals per second.

Chen Dongzheng, Chairman of SZSE Council, and concurrently Secretary of SZSE Party Committee attended the ceremony and announced the official launch of the research and development for the 5th trading system.

Source: Shenzhen Stock Exchange, 16.11.2011

Filed under: China, Exchanges, Trading Technology, , , , , , , , , , , ,

Chinese Markets STEP Forward with China FIX

Dr. Bai Shuo of the Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) explains the importance of the STEP Protocol and its development in China.

Dr. Bai Shuo, Shanghai Stock ExchangeHow did the STEP Protocol begin and which organisations originally developed it?

Back in 2003, at the same time when the SSE began to prepare the Next Generation Trading System (NGTS) project, which would later go live on Nov 23, 2009, the SSE decided to introduce a message-based protocol between the exchange and brokers, which is widely accepted to be FIX. The pioneering work was encouraged by the China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC).

Under the framework of national standardization, this protocol became one of the eight standards in the securities industry. The WG01 group was responsible for the drafting of the protocol under the direction of the CSRC. The membership of the WG01 group includes: SSE, Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE), Shanghai Futures Exchange (SHFE), Guoxin Security Co. and some other securities companies. The protocol, which is informally called Chinese FIX, or CFIX, is named STEP (Securities Trading Exchange Protocol), as it is regarded as the initial ‘step’ towards a first-class stock market. STEP 1.0 was written in 2004 and issued in 2005. STEP was revised as version 1.1 in 2006.

How does STEP fit into China’s overall usage of standards in the financial world?

While FIX is a global standard in the securities industry, STEP is more suitable for the Chinese market, since STEP introduced many native business and local definitions. The CSRC is responsible for the STEP standard. The SSE has agreed to use STEP and is eager to promote STEP, so as to encourage brokers to follow STEP. In China, investor accounts that should be supervised are designed to be contained in Parties component block. Tags in range 8500 to 8540 are allocated for Chinese market usage, such as market data delivery and business for funds, warrants and voting. Quite a few tags are enhanced for local businesses, such as tag 40 (OrdType), tag 103 (OrdRejReason), tag 269 (MDEntryType), tag 326 (SecurityTradingStatus).

What is the scope of STEP’s usage? What parts of the trading cycle was it intended to cover and what asset classes is it used for?

STEP covers the pre-trade and trade parts of trading cycle, as well as some specific registering instructions. STEP is used for stocks, funds, bonds, warrants, ETFs, and lots of featured non-trading businesses, such as IPOs, right issuances, fund creation and redemptions, warrant executions, bond deposit and withdrawals, voting, etc.

Who were the early adopters of STEP? Who currently uses STEP and for what?

The SSE uses STEP for level2 market data service. Information vendors have taken STEP for level2 service in the meantime. Creative businesses like this are suitable to take the new protocol standard in order to have the ability to easily maintain and extend, without a burden to support a legacy interface.

What is the next stage in the development of STEP? Where is adoption of STEP going to grow most significantly in the near future? Are there new goals or applications for STEP?

STEP is under revision as many new businesses were introduced during the last five years. STEP is considered easier to be adopted in market data and other creative businesses. Also, STEP over FAST will be used for SSE level 1 market data delivery. Block trading, quote repo, agreed repo and margin financing on the Alternative Trading Platform (ATP) of the SSE will take STEP as the format for business records. Traditional trading business will gradually be enhanced to support STEP in near future as we get more confidence through the experience on creative business.

Source: FIXGlobalTrading, 15.09.2011
Free Magazin Subscription at http://fixglobal.com/subscription

Filed under: Asia, China, Exchanges, FIX Connectivity, Market Data, Trading Technology, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Brazil: BM&FBOVESPA – News September 2011 – Nr.20

Launch of the first stage of the BM&FBOVESPA PUMATrading System

BM&FBOVESPA announces the conclusion of the first stage of development and integrated tests with the market of its new trading platform, named the BM&FBOVESPA PUMA Trading System. This is a multi-asset electronic trading platform that has been developed by BM&FBOVESPA and CME Group. BM&FBOVESPA PUMA Trading System will replace the Global Trading System (GTS), Mega Bolsa, BOVESPA FIX and SISBEX, integrating them into a single system with greater processing capacity, extremely low latency, and new functions. The implementation will occur in stages:

  • 1st Stage: Substitution of GTS (derivatives and spot foreign exchange);
  • 2nd Stage: Substitution of Mega Bolsa (equities and equity derivatives);
  • 3rd Stage: Substitution of BOVESPA FIX (fixed-income corporate securities) and SISBEX (government securities).

The Exchange implemented the BM&FBOVESPA PUMA Trading System in the spot foreign exchange market on August 29, 2011. The other stages will be executed in the following weeks, at dates to be announced at an opportune moment. As part of the GTS replacement effort, instruments will migratein four-stages. At each stage, orders sent to the Exchange for these contracts will be processed exclusively by the new system. The migration stages are:

  • 1st Migration: Spot foreign exchange contracts.
  • 2nd Migration: Agricultural derivatives.
  • 3rd Migration: Financial derivatives (interest rates, foreign exchange, inflation indices, gold etc.), except for derivatives based on stock indices.
  • 4th Migration: Derivatives based on stock indices.

Automated solution for market surveillance, operation and market oversight

BM&FBOVESPA and BOVESPA Market Supervision (BSM), the Brazilian self-regulatory organization in charge of inspecting and supervising transactions and trade authorizations, announced on September 15 that they will use NASDAQ OMX’s SMARTS Integrity market surveillance platform to monitor trading across their equities and commodities platforms. Using SMARTS Integrity, BM&FBOVESPA and BSM will have a comprehensive portfolio of alert scenarios for market behavior.

> More information

BM&FBOVESPA and BNDES present new portfolio for the Carbon Efficient Index

BM&FBOVESPA and BNDES announced on September 5 the composition of the theoretical portfolio of the Carbon Efficient Index, valid from September to December 2011. The ICO2 is an index composed of stocks in IBrX-50 index companies that have accepted involvement in the initiative, adopting transparent practices as regards greenhouse gas emissions (GGEs). The calculation of shares in the ICO2 index takes into consideration the greenhouse gas emissions and free float of companies.

The portfolio valid as of today can be viewed here.

New head of BM&FBOVESPA for UK

BM&FBOVESPA announces that Sergio Gullo has been hired as the new chief representative for BM&FBOVESPA in London. He will report to BM&FBOVESPA International Business Development Officer Lucy Pamboukdjian and be responsible for operations with the European, Middle Eastern and African markets. Sergio Gullo has been active in the financial market for more than 27 years. He was Business Development Manager in the United Kingdom for BGC Partners and has worked in financial institutions such as Banco Votorantim and Renaissance Capital, specializing in emerging markets and always in commercial areas with a focus on fixed income and structured products. He also held a wide range of positions at Lloyd’s TSB Bank for 19 years, in both Brazil and the UK.

New office in London

The BM&FBOVESPA office in London has moved to One New Change, 4th floor (London, EC4M, 9AF, United Kingdom). The London office may be contacted by e-mail at sgullo@bvmf.com.br and by telephone at (+44) 203 379 3978.

BM&FBOVESPA and Shenzhen Stock Exchange Sign Memorandum of Understanding

BM&FBOVESPA (BVMF) and the Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE) signed on September 26 a memorandum of understanding (MOU) which includes personnel exchange, mutual training and information and experience sharing. Ms Song Liping, President of the Shenzhen Stock Exchange, and Mr. Edemir Pinto, CEO of BM&FBOVESPA, signed the MOU last month during the 5th International, Financial and Capital Market Conference in Campos do Jordão, in the state of São Paulo.

BM&FBOVESPA’s options and capital raising activity

According to the WFE (World Federation of Exchanges), BM&FBOVESPA is ranked as #1 in volume of Stock Options contracts trades and #4 in IPOs (Capital Raised). These and other regulated exchange industry numbers are available at: http://www.world-exchanges.org/statistics

Securities Lending

In August, the total number of securities lending transactions reached a record 141,721 compared to the previous record of 121,971 in May 2011 and to 114,989 in July. Financial volume was BRL 62.63 billion in August from BRL 52.16 billion the previous month.

Ibovespa and other index portfolios, valid for September-December 2011

BM&FBOVESPA has announced the Ibovespa theoretical index portfolio, which will be valid from September 5 to December 29, 2011, based on the closing of the September 2, 2011 trading session. The new portfolio now includes common shares in BR Malls and Cia Hering, which brings its total to 68 stocks in 63 companies.

> More information

BM&FBOVESPA launches app for Google Chrome web browser

BM&FBOVESPA announced on September, 16th that users of the Google Chrome web browser can download a free app that allows real time monitoring of the share prices of companies traded on BM&FBOVESPA and of the directions taken by the main capital market indexes. This tool allows users to customize their share portfolio, storing in the “Favorites” tab the companies that they wish to monitor daily. The app includes films that explain stock investment, wealth creation, and financial education. It also contains messages that are sent to the BM&FBOVESPA twitter channel @Info_BMFBOVESPA

To obtain the BM&FBOVESPA Google Chrome app, please access the Google Web Store and download the file at: https://chrome.google.com/webstore.

2011 EVENTS

Family Office Summit – Latin America

BM&FBOVESPA is currently sending invitations for this event promoted by the World Research Group and which will be held in São Paulo September 26-28. A BM&FBOVESPA representative is scheduled to talk about alternative investments. The summit will present current trends for optimizing effective strategies and alternative methods to produce investments for single and multi family offices in the Brazilian capital market. There will be a special networking session bringing together managers, single and multi family offices, advisors and consultants.

Location: Intercontinental São Paulo – Alameda Santos, 1123, São Paulo , SP.
Date: September 26-28, 2011.

> Full Agenda and Registration

2nd FX Growth Markets Series: Brazil – Profit & Loss

BM&FBOVESPA will join the Profit & Loss FX Growth Markets conference on October 20, 2011 at the Tivoli Hotel in São Paulo. Profit & Loss has been operating its highly successful series of Forex Network and FX Growth Markets conferences for more than 10 years, with regular annual events held in London, New York, Chicago, Singapore, Brazil, Mexico, Colombia, Chile, Shanghai and Toronto, and comes to Brazil for the second time. A BM&FBOVESPA representative will talk at the event.

Location: Tivoli Hotel São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Date: October 20, 2011.

> Full Agenda

BM&FBOVESPA at Chicago’s FIA EXPO

BM&FBOVESPA will exhibit at FIA EXPO 2011. The event attracts approximately 5,000 people from more than 30 countries, from senior staff at brokerage firms and exchanges to floor traders, pension fund managers, corporate treasurers, CTAs and CPOs, and individual investors. BM&FBOVESPA staff will present the Exchange’s products, connectivity, DMA access via Globlex, co-location and others.

Location: Hilton Chicago, USA
Date: October 10-12, 2011

> More info

The World Cup of ETFs and Indexing Latin America

BM&FBOVESPA is lending its support to the World Research Group’s “World Cup of ETFs and Indexing Latin America.” The event aims at providing attendees with the best practices for ETFs use, as well as a comprehensive analysis of market structure, regulations and current and future opportunities. The expected audience includes pension funds, hedge fund managers and investors, investment advisors, financial consultants, and other market participants. A BM&FBOVESPA representative will talk about the Exchange’s ETF products.

Location: São Paulo (TBC)
Date: October 17-18, 2011.

> Full Agenda and Registration

Volumes and trades by Direct Market Access (DMA)

BM&F Segment
In August, BM&F* market segment transactions carried out through order routing via Direct Market Access (DMA) registered 41,417,494 contracts traded and 4,431,750 trades. In July, the volume reached 20,009,841 contracts traded and 2,417,398 trades.

The volumes registered by each access modality in the BM&F segment were as follows:

  • Traditional DMA – 17,540,231 contracts traded, in 1,306,241 trades, in comparison to 7,440,774 contracts and 797,002 trades in July;
  • Via DMA provider (including orders routed via the Globex System) – 14,088,756 contracts traded, in 435,281 trades, compared to 7,040,432 contracts and 258,881 trades in July;
  • DMA via direct connection – 4,210 contracts traded in 830 trades, against 3,691 contracts and 977 trades in July;
  • DMA via co-location – 9,784,297 contracts traded, in 2,689,398 trades, compared to 5,524,944 contracts and 1,360,538 trades in July.

In August, transactions carried out by foreign investors presented by CME to BVMF (who use the Globex-GTS order routing system or access BVMF markets via co-location) totaled 5,308,308 contracts traded, in 1,235,349 trades, compared to 2,897,744 contracts and 688,862 trades in July.

BOVESPA Segment
In August, order routing via DMA in the BOVESPA* segment totaled BRL 138,522,096,000.00 and 17,021,408 trades, from BRL 95,030,778,000.00 and 11,225,193 trades the previous month.

Trading volumes per type of DMA in the BOVESPA segment:

  • Traditional DMA – Volume of BRL 120,451,427,000.00 and 14,098,638 trades from BRL 87,674,861,000.00 and 10,091,956 in July;
  • DMA via co-location – Volume of BRL 16,691,370,000.00 and 2,755,498 trades from BRL 6,381,361,000.00 and 1,007,081 in July;
  • DMA via provider – Volume of BRL 1,379,299,000.00 and 167,272 trades from BRL 974,556,000.00 and 126,156 in July.

* Direct access to the BM&FBOVESPA market segments is carried out through DMA models 1, 2, 3 and 4. In model 1 or traditional DMA, the client accesses the GTS or Mega Bolsa through technological intermediation of a brokerage house. In model 2 or via DMA provider, the client does not use the technological intermediation of a brokerage house, but rather connects to the system through an authorized access provider. DMA via order routing with CME Globex is also a form of DMA model 2. In model 3, the client connects to the system through a direct connection. In model 4 or via co-location, the client installs its own computer within the Exchange’s facilities.

Notes:

The volumes registered by access modality include both buy and sell sides of a trade.

The volumes by access modality for both the BM&F and the BOVESPA market segments have been reported in a consolidated manner in the BM&FBOVESPA statements since May 2009.

MARKET RESULTS

BM&F Segment August 2011

Derivatives markets in the BM&F segment (including financial and commodities derivatives) totaled 78,606,873 contracts and BRL 5.23 trillion in volume in August, compared to 44,199,125 contracts and BRL 3.35 trillion in July. The daily average of contracts traded in the derivatives markets in August was 3,417,690, in contrast to 2,104,720 in July. Open interest contracts ended the last trading day of August with 37,821,302 positions, compared to 30,716,596 in July.

BOVESPA Segment August 2011

In August 2011, the equity markets (BOVESPA segment) financial volume totaled a record BRL 177.906 billion, in a record 16,234,673 trades, with daily averages of BRL 7.73 billion and a record 705,855 trades. This was in comparison to the prior total volume record of BRL 155.55 billion in October 2010, the prior total trades record of 11,172,707 in May 2011 and the prior daily average trades record of 544,88 in February 2011.

Source:BM&FBOVESPA, 20.09.2011

Filed under: BM&FBOVESPA, Brazil, FIX Connectivity, News, Trading Technology, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Shenzhen Financial Services and Fund Management Study and Network Tour 3-4 December 2010

Gain deeper knowledge of Shenzhen, China Financial Industry

The study tour is coordinated with the local Shenzhen government support to view the latest mega-development in Shenzhen that would be of interest to business people and visitors alike. Participants will get an orientation of Shenzhen and gain a clear perspective of the importance of Shenzhen in the master plan of the centrally planned economy of China.

Benefits of the Study Tour:

  • Gain first-hand exposure to the current growth climate in Shenzhen
  • Gain an insight into the vibrant economic sectors in Shenzhen
  • Explore ways to capitalize on various initiatives and activities undertaken within Shenzhen
  • Meet and exchange views with the industry’s experts on various challenges and prospects in investing in Shenzhen
  • Create networking and business match-making opportunities among senior executives and those interested in business and investment.
picture Shenzhen today is the leading manufacturing hub of China and the master plan from the Central government which was announced recently is to keep Shenzhen growing for the next 30 years with the building of the “Manhattan” of China at Qianhai, Shenzhen. 

Does this news catch your eye?

Sept. 3 (Bloomberg) — The southern Chinese city of Shenzhen plans to invest 40 billion yuan ($5.88 billion) in its Qianhai area to make it the “Manhattan” of the Pearl River Delta, the Securities Times reported today, citing the local government. The investment in the 15 square kilometer area of the city will be made over the next three years, the Shenzhen-based newspaper reported. The government is looking at the possibility of offering a low tax regime similar to Hong Kong’s and of allowing free convertibility of the yuan in the area, according to the report.

ATIC@Shenzhen 2010 will bring together a group of international participants consisting of fund managers, private equity investors, high-net-worth investors, directors of securities brokerage firms as well as senior executives of global stock exchanges to Shenzhen for an in-depth look at the Shenzhen capital market, as well as to network with Shenzhen government officials, fund managers, securities brokerage firms and listed company CEO’s and companies looking to expand overseas This platform provides a timely and strategic platform to convene investors to discuss strategies, leverage opportunities and explore potential cross-borders business partnerships. Participants will be able to network, mingle and make fruitful contacts to improve their business bottomless.

WHO SHOULD ATTEND?

This is a strategic, informative and concise program designed for Investors, Business Owners, Senior representatives or professionals with Financial Services Organizations such as Fund Management Houses, Securities Brokerage Firms, Securities Exchanges and other finance-related institutions.

Don’t get left behind. Come join us and take this incredible opportunity and advantage to reach your top prospects and grow your business.

Shenzhen Study Tour & Investment Summit Package Price *Early Bird Individual Group (Min 2 persons)
USD750 USD1,000 USD800

*Limited period only.

Package price includes of one study tour luncheon and one exclusive networking and dinner on 3 December 2010. Participation is on a first-come-first-serve basis and interested delegates are encouraged to submit an early registration in order to avoid disappointment.

Register Now!

For more information, please visit http://www.theatic.net/ or contact us at:

Filed under: China, Events, Exchanges, News, , , , , , , , , , , ,

Asia E-Trading: Electronic Trading in China – Webinar September 7th

Asia E Trading presents the free  1 hour web-seminar : Electronic Trading in China

  • Overview of the Electronic Trading industry
  • Buy-side Algorithmic Trading
  • CSI300 Index future
  • Latest news on QFII and QDII
  • High Frequency Trading and Colocation
  • Update: Shanghai and Shenzhen Exchange

Speakers are:

Lionel Sancenot – Sungard- MD NE Asia & Greater China

Bill LiuQing Ma Investments -Portfolio Manager

Zennon Kapron – KapronAsia- Principal

REGISTER HERE

Date: 07. September 2010

TIME: 5pm Hong Kong, 10am London, 5am New York

The seminar will be recorded and available on demand

Filed under: China, Exchanges, FIX Connectivity, Trading Technology, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

China: CSRC sets outs rules on CSI 300 margin trading

China’s top securities regulator on Friday unveiled regulations on the pilot programs for the soon to be launched margin trading and short selling business.

Securities firms must have at least 5 billion yuan in net assets and be rated as A-class in order to be qualified for the business. The regulator also required securities firms to have sufficient capital holdings and stocks of their own and have completed test runs of the trading network in order to conduct the business.

“We will gradually loosen the requirements and expand the pilot programs to more securities firms after the first batch of selected firms achieve successful results,” said an official from the China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC).

The regulator also asked qualified securities firms to choose clients carefully based on the review of their financial status, trading experience and risk preference. The purpose is to restrict investors with low risk tolerance and insufficient trading experience from the business, the CSRC official said.

In 2008, the CSRC picked 11 top brokerages for test runs of the trading network, including CITIC Securities, Haitong Securities, Guotai Junan, Shenyin Wanguo and Everbright Securities. It was reported that the CSRC would pick six to seven domestic brokerages from the 11 candidates for the initial phase of the trial program.

The CSRC did not reveal what stocks would be the target for margin trading and short Margin trading and short selling will allow investors to borrow money to buy securities or borrow securities to sell.

Once launched, the business is expected to account for 15 to 20 percent of the securities industry’s revenue, analysts said.

Source: http://www.sina.com/Citic-NewEdge, 26.01.2010

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China braces for index futures; Fund experts sceptical about Chinese firms managing futures

China’s fund managers may get some nasty surprises once the newly approved stock index futures market finally kicks off. The main worries are a lack of expertise and limited investment in risk management.


China seems set on delivering market shocks at the turn of a new decade. Not only has it decided to rein in excess liquidity by raising bank reserve rates, it has finally announced its plan to develop stock index futures, after years of delay. (No doubt held back by some of the failed experiments with bond futures in the 1990s.)

On the upside, the general belief is that investors should benefit from enhanced transparency, deeper market development, product enhancement, and so on. This long-standing list was set out by market observers and foreign experts years ago. There’s no need to repeat it all here.

However, the is less consensus from consultants and fund-rating agencies on how stock index futures will affect the fund management sector. Analysts and research heads at Morningstar, Lipper and Z-Ben Advisors appear unconvinced about the ability of Chinese firms to manage these instruments.

Not that fund managers are authorised to join this new development yet. For now, only 11 authorised brokerages that have been approved to participate in the pilot schemes to trade the contracts have the qualifications to do so.

These 11 firms will only be able to express market views at an index level for the CSI 300 index. They aren’t likely to be able to do much at the individual stock level. Indeed, regulators have said little about the actual schedule of the futures market’s development.

The question then arises: If only vanilla instruments are available, will the futures market lead to product diversification for Chinese fund managers now trapped in the strait-jacket of a plain-vanilla world?

Maybe. Li Haiqing, fund analyst at fund-rating agency Morningstar in Shenzhen, says some primitive form of 130/30 strategies is likely to emerge in China. But that will happen first among the private funds that are not regulated by the securities regulator or are under the radar of the State Council’s strategic plans — not among the fund management houses. (Long/shorts, serious forms of arbitrage strategies, are something much further down the road.)

The best fund managers in China work for private houses these days, not mutual fund managers. Because they are not regulated, they are able to put together more flexible products. And they have the support of high-net-worth customers, who can take higher risks and have deeper pockets to support investments in trading platforms and risk management expertise.

The scene at mutual fund houses, meanwhile, is at best uneven. Xav Feng, head of research for China and Taiwan at fund-rating agency Lipper, reckons most fund houses have done “studies” on the new-fangled ideas of hedging tools. More are working their way up the learning curve, and most are simply not ready.

The lack of experienced people who can even understand the risks is a big worry. Talent supply simply to deliver good results from plain-vanilla securities is stretched, let alone expertise in innovative instruments.

Among the industry’s 10 oldest mutual fund houses, for example, only three can claim to employ the local asset management industry’s longest-serving fund managers. China Asset Management Company has Fang Jun, who served as a portfolio manager at China AMC for some five years and Han Huiyong for around six years. Shanghai’s Hua An boasts Shang Jimin, who can claim a little over six years of experience. Harvest has Shao Jian, with close to six years.

There’s an increasingly common polarised structure at these older firms, with a handful of senior managers at the top and a base of young managers with short track records. Hua An may have Shang Jimin, but other than Shang, there is a long list of individuals with experience ranging from around 20 days to little more than a year.

Similarly, at Shenzhen’s China Southern, at the top there is Chen Jian, with nearly four years under his belt, and below him a group of managers, each with one to two years of experience.

“There is a long way to go,” Lipper’s Feng says. Apart from the talent factor, more importantly “there needs to be enough liquidity for index futures. If not, it would be a disaster for fund managers”. Both Feng and Morningstar’s Li reckon the underlying support of margin provisions — the availability to secure leverage — is key to the success of index futures.

As per usual in China, big securities reforms make great promises for the long term. In the short term, the picture lacks clarity and can be worrying.

“Index futures will increase the volatility of the Chinese market in the short term, because investors are not familiar with it,” Feng says. But the market shock likely to come from the launch of futures might just be a stimulus for managers to strengthen their risk management techniques for the longer haul.

At present, Chinese mutual funds’ risk exposure is overwhelmingly centred towards equity risk premium. Over the long term, theoretically, they would do better to diversify to other sources of risks — for example, through credit, liquidity and manager skill.

Yet the reality is that managers have little business in asset classes beyond equities, which is their bread and butter, and managers are mostly unable to deliver returns purely through skill (the fabled search for alpha) that are uncorrelated from market exposure (beta).

Their only current means of managing risk is through asset allocation — managers could sell equities and park their proceeds in cash, bonds or cash-equivalent instruments. (For that reason, overseas investors — or reporters — questioning Chinese managers about their risk management practices often proves futile.)

Stock index futures should help change that.

Zhang Haochuan, analyst at industry research house Z-Ben Advisors, has seen little movement in the hiring of professionals or in the investment in trading platforms specifically in preparation for stock index futures or margin trading.

AsianInvestor sources suggest Beijing-based Harvest and China AMC, Guangzhou-based E-fund and even Shanghai-based Hua An might have been the early movers. These firms have been trying hard to recruit quantitative risk management talent in Hong Kong in recent months, albeit sporadically.

Zhang says larger firms that have been caught in CSI 300 index fund launches over the past year will have more incentive and resources to mobilise suitable expertise.

There are 16 CSI 300 (largely identical) index funds on the market now. Two of these are enhanced products with built-in leverage.

As an unintended result of their multi-billion-renminbi launches last year, these 16 houses have more skin in the game than the rest of the industry. China AMC’s CSI 300 product, for example, raised Rmb20 billion ($2.93 billion) in July. It is their business to start paying attention to these new concepts of securities innovation and risk management.

Source: AsianInvestor.net, 15.10.2010

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QDII:Chinese index products face obstacles

Meanwhile, Chinese investors should buy foreign assets, and ETF/index products are the most efficient way to do so, say panellists at a recent conference.

The development of index products has made some progress in China, but still faces key issues, according to panellists at an event this month in Shanghai. They also argued that Chinese investor education must be addressed before the qualified domestic institutional investment (QDII) market will really take off.

The SG China Markets Forum, organised by French bank Société Générale, focused primarily on the QDII, with one panel discussing index product development in China.

That panel comprised: Song Hong Yu, head of research at China Securities Index; Zheng Xu, director in the international cooperation and product development department at Yinhua Fund Management; Zeng Fan Qing, head of product development at Fortune SGAM; Joseph Ho, head of ETF sales and marketing at Société Générale; and Frank Benzimra, director of equity derivatives structuring at SGI Index, part of Société Générale.

The index market has continued to grow, they said, thanks to the high liquidity of indexed products, economies of scale, deepening of product knowledge, and increasing demand for both risk management and an improved legal framework.

However, there remain problems affecting the market’s development, including asset managers’ strategies of seeking higher commissions by selling actively managed funds, said the panellists. The situation is exacerbated — as in Japan and South Korea — by regulations allowing the same securities house to sell active funds and exchange-traded funds (ETFs), the former with a significantly higher profit margin.

Nor do system limitations help matters. The separation of the Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges are slowing the pace of ETF development in China, argued the panelists. And ultimately there is a lack of dedicated market educators — again, as in Japan and South Korea — since industry players are unwilling to take up this role due to the aforementioned conflicts of interest over active/passive fund selling.

As for investing in overseas assets, ETFs/indices are the most efficient and cost-effective way to manage a global portfolio, argued panellists. And despite the strong performance of the Chinese market this year, there are still good reasons for investors to buy foreign assets, including: sharing of growth in global economic developments, diversification, limited local investment tools apart from equity investments, and expensive pricing of shares on Chinese stock exchanges.

So how much Chinese money is likely to flow overseas — and where — under the revised QDII scheme? That was the subject of another panel at the event. The participants were: David Chang, assistant president at GuoTai Asset Management; Dong Bin, head of QDII at Citic Securities; Sandru Lu, a lawyer at Llinks; and Du Jun, head of institutional investment at Fortune SGAM.

The consensus was that there will be a huge increase in product applications under the QDII scheme, which now stands at $90 billion. However, the main issues hindering the market’s growth are insufficient investor education and expertise.

Local investors should not only take a close look at the legal framework of all the investable products when considering overseas assets and should not only focus on returns. More, panellists felt that the Lehman Brothers bankruptcy and aftermath has affected local investors’ understanding of overseas markets, meaning there will be a discrepancy between local and foreign investors’ understanding and execution, even for very simple products.

For overseas markets, it was pointed out, there are more stringent rules and strategy, whereas for the local market there is more flexibility in execution. The panellists felt that a better way to approach this situation is to combine the two approaches.

As for where domestic investors should put their money, participants felt commodities is a promising asset class, due to dollar weakness and the lack of precious metals/resources. They also suggested making some allocation to overseas structured products/derivatives to help achieve a stable return, and for those with a higher risk tolerance making use of statistical/quantitative strategies.

With reference to managing a full global/China portfolio, Citic said it will put 30% in the local market, 30% in overseas markets, 20% in hedge funds and 20% in strategic products. GuoTai will put a large portion in China and India.

Source: AsianInvestor.net, 30.11.2009

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ChiNext: A Wrongheaded, Sheltered Start

The lesson from the ChiNext launch is as old as China’s stock market: Too much regulatory protection leads to speculation.

(Caijing Magazine) China’s growth enterprise board ChiNext recently opened after 10 years in the making. Hopes ran high, and trading sizzled. But the debut quickly led to disappointment, recalling the now-sputtering Shenzhen SME board, which began with a dramatic flash but eventually cast a pall over growth stock trading.

Shares for all 28 companies on the ChiNext board skyrocketed to the 10 percent limit on opening day. Shares in Jinya Technology, for example, surged 80 percent in a buying frenzy. Overall, first-day gains averaged 106 percent.

But it was a flash in the pan, unchecked by regulator warnings and a fat book of regulatory measures designed to prevent speculation. Within a few days, prices tumbled. Suddenly, ChiNext was nothing more than a new game in town that pulled players into the same kind of mania seen a couple of years ago when PetroChina A-shares reached the stratosphere in an IPO and when stock warrants had manipulated, rollercoaster price changes. Moreover, some of the 28 newly tradable companies became subjects of critical media stories about instant wealth, overselling of pre-IPO shares by management, and cases of cooking the books.

How did this newborn trading platform, so carefully planned and nurtured through a long gestation, fall captive to the old, genetic flaws of China’s stock markets? A crucial factor was excessive protection.

A successful growth enterprise board is not just a capital-raising platform; start-ups are far more valuable than blue chips in many ways. ChiNext was designed to encourage start-ups and new technology companies. It should be in a position to help traders pan for gold and turn ugly ducklings into swans.

But ChiNext was never given enough room to let the market play its resource allocation role. In the first place, IPOs for ChiNext still had to go through a government authorization process. Each of the 28 companies was chosen by regulators from among hundreds of applicants. This review process, which is based on company documents provided to the government rather than through public information disclosure, may look like accountability in the eyes of investors. But it actually restricts market selectivity.

The selection process was designed to signal that each of the 28 companies had a good chance for survival. So after giving permission to this first batch of companies for board trading, regulators suspended review of new applications for a month and concentrated on the ChiNext launch. Media euphoria and promotion activity by energetic brokers further diluted any sense of risk awareness among the trading public.

Yet such artificial control of supply and demand distorts the market. And this is nothing new. Past experience has shown that it’s futile in such circumstances to prevent volatility through regulation and investor warnings following an application process.

Moreover, speculation fire was fanned by murky delisting requirements. Regulations covering growth enterprise stocks on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange, which sponsors ChiNext, say companies should be warned before being delisted. The exchange, however, can rescind a warning if a company implements a “restructuring plan.” This means that, despite the rule for delisting start-ups, the exchange still leaves a back door open to creating shell companies – and attracting punters – by allowing restructuring. Such loose market conditions help whip up speculative frenzy.

Of course, conditions are similar on the A-share main board. Excessive protection stems from a regulatory intent to list quality companies and inject vitality into the market. And in the area of delisting, strict enforcement is out of the question because regulators feel compelled to bow to public sentiment and give any shaky company another chance in the name of investor protection.

However, this protection oversteps the bounds and chokes market vitality. It will surely backfire. Regulators have created conditions for rent-seeking by listed companies, which then turns investors into speculators.

Success for ChiNext should depend on several big-picture factors including growth potential, investment environment and rule of law in society. Regulators can not and should not guarantee financial results and return on investment; they should not set goals for market size and trading volume. Otherwise, even perfect schemes would be hijacked by powerful interests under the banner of protecting investor interests.

Ensuring healthy development of the market is the duty of the China Securities Regulatory Commission as well as stock exchange operators. But their jobs should focus on making and implementing rules, not making market choices. They should concern themselves with improving the trading system, watching interest groups, ensuring adequate information disclosure, penalizing offenders, and educating investors. These tasks, ranging from the minute to critical issues for certain interest groups, can be easily overlooked. They should not.

In the international arena, successful growth enterprise boards are rare and their development paths are strewn with obstacles. China, as the world’s largest emerging economy, has no shortage of innovative ideas. And the market is active indeed. What China lacks, however, is a system that ensures healthy market function. The less-than-perfect inauguration of ChiNext should sound an alarm for regulators. It is not too late to take corrective action.

Source: Cajing, 10.11.2009 By Hu Shuli

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China: ChiNext less then 10% of Accounts active

About 9.6 million investors have opened trading accounts on ChiNext, the growth enterprise market that launched on Oct. 30, but only 920,000 have started trading, Yao Gang, vice chairman of the China Securities Regulatory Commission, said on Friday. Many account holders are still cautious about investing, Yao said during a broadcast on the central government website.

Source: Caijing, 09.11.2009

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China: SZSE – ChiNext Creates 13 Billionaires on Paper on First Trading Day

China’s GEM market has given birth to more than a dozen billionaires due to extraordinary enthusiasm of investors.

Strong gains on the opening day of China’s Growth Enterprise Market, the Nasdaq-style board for high-tech startups, have created 13 paper billionaires, Caijing reported, citing calculations based on their declared holdings in the IPO companies.

The biggest individual shareholder in Lepu Medical Technology (Beijing) Co Ltd. (SZSE 300003), general manager Pu Zhongjie, saw the value of his 14.9 percent stake soar to 3.8 billion yuan (US$556 million). The stock rose nearly 119 percent to 63.4 yuan.

The surge in stocks also saw the value of 116 investors’ holdings rise to more than 100 million yuan, Caijing has calculated. The total includes the 13 billionaires.

The other big gainers on the first day included Wang Zhongjun, chairman of Huayi Brothers Media Corp. (SZSE 300027), whose holding of 26.1 percent was estimated to be worth 3.1 billion yuan at the close of trading. The stock rose nearly 148 percent to 70.8 yuan.

Chairman Wang Ning and general manager Li Li of Beijing Ultrapower Software Co Ltd. (SZSE 300002) saw the value of their holdings rise to 1.8 billion yuan each after the company’s stock rose 77.4 percent to 102.9 yuan. Wang and Li each own 13.9 percent of the company.

The so-called “ChiNext” market, the brand GEM is marketed under, began trading at 9:30 am on Friday. Gains by the first 28 companies to list ranged from 76 to 210 percent at the close of the first day.

However, due to China’s volatile stock market and a lock-up period ranging from one year to three years, the wealth of today’s millionaires could shrink substantially. It is very hard to predict how many of them still possess seven-digit wealth in a few years.

Some Brokers Gain Big as ChiNext Issues Soar
Several brokerage firms appear to have made substantial profits from investments in companies listed on ChiNext, the new growth enterprise board that opened last Friday.
According to the ChiNext companies’ shareholders list, some brokerages invested in the firms before the initial public offerings. The China Securities Regulatory Commission approved applications by 15 brokers to invest directly in the companies ahead of the IPOs. On Friday, the companies saw their shares skyrocket, with the 28 stocks registering gains of 75.84 to 209.73 percent.

Click here for pre-trading news.

Source:Caijing.com.cn, 02.11.2009 by Shen Hu


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