FiNETIK – Asia and Latin America – Market News Network

Asia and Latin America News Network focusing on Financial Markets, Energy, Environment, Commodity and Risk, Trading and Data Management

Chinese Markets STEP Forward with China FIX

Dr. Bai Shuo of the Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) explains the importance of the STEP Protocol and its development in China.

Dr. Bai Shuo, Shanghai Stock ExchangeHow did the STEP Protocol begin and which organisations originally developed it?

Back in 2003, at the same time when the SSE began to prepare the Next Generation Trading System (NGTS) project, which would later go live on Nov 23, 2009, the SSE decided to introduce a message-based protocol between the exchange and brokers, which is widely accepted to be FIX. The pioneering work was encouraged by the China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC).

Under the framework of national standardization, this protocol became one of the eight standards in the securities industry. The WG01 group was responsible for the drafting of the protocol under the direction of the CSRC. The membership of the WG01 group includes: SSE, Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE), Shanghai Futures Exchange (SHFE), Guoxin Security Co. and some other securities companies. The protocol, which is informally called Chinese FIX, or CFIX, is named STEP (Securities Trading Exchange Protocol), as it is regarded as the initial ‘step’ towards a first-class stock market. STEP 1.0 was written in 2004 and issued in 2005. STEP was revised as version 1.1 in 2006.

How does STEP fit into China’s overall usage of standards in the financial world?

While FIX is a global standard in the securities industry, STEP is more suitable for the Chinese market, since STEP introduced many native business and local definitions. The CSRC is responsible for the STEP standard. The SSE has agreed to use STEP and is eager to promote STEP, so as to encourage brokers to follow STEP. In China, investor accounts that should be supervised are designed to be contained in Parties component block. Tags in range 8500 to 8540 are allocated for Chinese market usage, such as market data delivery and business for funds, warrants and voting. Quite a few tags are enhanced for local businesses, such as tag 40 (OrdType), tag 103 (OrdRejReason), tag 269 (MDEntryType), tag 326 (SecurityTradingStatus).

What is the scope of STEP’s usage? What parts of the trading cycle was it intended to cover and what asset classes is it used for?

STEP covers the pre-trade and trade parts of trading cycle, as well as some specific registering instructions. STEP is used for stocks, funds, bonds, warrants, ETFs, and lots of featured non-trading businesses, such as IPOs, right issuances, fund creation and redemptions, warrant executions, bond deposit and withdrawals, voting, etc.

Who were the early adopters of STEP? Who currently uses STEP and for what?

The SSE uses STEP for level2 market data service. Information vendors have taken STEP for level2 service in the meantime. Creative businesses like this are suitable to take the new protocol standard in order to have the ability to easily maintain and extend, without a burden to support a legacy interface.

What is the next stage in the development of STEP? Where is adoption of STEP going to grow most significantly in the near future? Are there new goals or applications for STEP?

STEP is under revision as many new businesses were introduced during the last five years. STEP is considered easier to be adopted in market data and other creative businesses. Also, STEP over FAST will be used for SSE level 1 market data delivery. Block trading, quote repo, agreed repo and margin financing on the Alternative Trading Platform (ATP) of the SSE will take STEP as the format for business records. Traditional trading business will gradually be enhanced to support STEP in near future as we get more confidence through the experience on creative business.

Source: FIXGlobalTrading, 15.09.2011
Free Magazin Subscription at

Filed under: Asia, China, Exchanges, FIX Connectivity, Market Data, Trading Technology, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Charles River Development Expands Global Reach with Beijing Office / 拓展全球业务 – 建立北京办事处

Charles River Development (Charles River), a front- and middle-office software solutions provider for investment firms, today announced the expansion of its global operations with a regional office in Beijing, China. Located in the Excel Centre in the Financial Street area of Beijing, the office is staffed with experienced Charles River employees and multi-lingual Chinese nationals who provide China-based investment managers with professional implementation, consulting and support services. Charles River’s client base in China includes China Life Asset Management Company, the country’s largest institutional investor.

“The opportunity to invest in international securities has increased Chinese asset managers’ demand for front- to middle-office systems that can support complex investment strategies including domestic Chinese instruments, products and workflows,” said Tom Driscoll, Managing Director, Global, Charles River Development. “The Charles River Investment Management System (Charles River IMS) can address any specific regulation, asset class, trading or language requirements our Chinese clients might have.”

Charles River IMS is available with full Chinese language capability and supports over 35 Chinese security types and associated workflows. Clients can use the system to trade, execute and manage complex Chinese domestic and international asset classes, portfolios and regulations. The system also offers direct Chinese exchange connectivity via a bi-directional real time interface to a widely-used domestic trading platform.

“Charles River has always grown its business organically,” said Cameron Field, Managing Director, Asia Pacific, Charles River Development. “We build local teams of Charles River experts who understand the local investment management market, language and culture. These teams support our clients from local offices. And we make a significant investment to localizing our solutions. For the past three years we’ve taken this approach in China.”

Continues Field, “We are pleased to be the first global investment management solutions provider in China, and are continually enhancing our local solution. Charles River is currently working on a number of strategic initiatives with key market bodies and closely monitoring how the adoption of NGTS and the STEP Protocol will enhance connectivity, data integration and STP for Chinese clients.”

一家向投资公司提供前台和中台软件及方案的供应商), 今天宣布在中国北京建立办事处以扩展其全球运营。北京办事处设于金融街的卓著中心,配备富有经验的Charles River员工及通晓多国语言的大陆员工,以向大陆投资管理公司提供专业的项目实施,咨询及支援服务。Charles River在中国的客户包括中国最大的机构投资者 – 中国人寿资产管理公司。

“投资于国际资产使得中国的资产管理公司对前台和中台系统的需求增加,而这些系统必须支持复杂的投资策略其中包括中国国内资产,产品及工作流程。” Charles River Development全球董事总经理Tom Driscoll说。“Charles River Investment Management System (Charles River IMS)可以支持我们的中国客户可能需要的任何条规,资产类别,交易及语言方面的需求。“

Charles River IMS具有全面的中文功能,并支持35种以上的国内证券类型及相关的工作流程。客户可使用Charles River IMS进行交易,执行以及管理复杂的国内及国际资产类别,组合及条规。系统也通过与一家国内普遍使用的交易平台的双向实时接口提供对国内交易所的直接连接。

“Charles River一直以来都是在有计划地拓展自己的业务,“Charles River Development亚太地区董事总经理Cameron Field说。“我们建立了解当地投资管理市场,语言及文化的富有经验的本地团队。这些团队从当地办事处支援我们的客户。而且我们投入可观的投资以使我们的方案本地化。在过去的三年里我们在中国一直是这样做的。“

他接着说,”我们非常高兴我们成为首家进入中国的全球投资管理方案提供厂商,并会继续增强我们的本地化方案 。Charles River目前正与主要市场机构联系并正在进行一些战略措施,我们也在关注新一代交易系统以及STEP的采用将会如何使中国客户的连接性,数据集成以及直通式处理的功能增强。

Source: Charles River, 13.10.2009

Filed under: Asia, China, Data Management, News, Risk Management, Trading Technology, , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Asian Exchanges – The Awakening (Part II): FIX in China

By Stephan Stadelmann, FINETIK

Published in, on 01 May 2007 10:37:01

Back in 2005, I attended the first FIX Conference held in Shanghai. Although great numbers of local attendees showed up curious to learn about FIX, most local participants did not see much benefit in FIX for China.

Regardless of the bureaucrats’ strive to carefully loosen the tight network of regulations, China’s markets hit record lows and a fiercely competitive battle between securities houses squeezed margins. Little or no money was left to invest, making it an environment of bare survival. This was the situation less than two years ago despite the hype in the foreign press about China, which continued through all this time.

Despite this turbulence below the surface, the Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE), the Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE) and the China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC) understood the importance of FIX, and bought into the vision that a unified, standardised exchange trading protocol and interface would simplify infrastructure for market participants and exchanges in the long run. They also appreciated such unification would drive down IT expenditure, including support and maintenance, for the diverse market participants in China’s vast financial market, and prepare them for foreign competition.

In March 2003, the SSE and SZSE started to jointly develop a Chinese version of the FIX protocol called Standardized Trading Exchange Protocol (STEP), and in November 2003, CSRC set up the STEP Sub Committee, with founding members CSRC, SSE, SZSE, Shanghai Futures Exchange (SHFE), HuaXia Securities, GuoXin Securities and TaiYang Securities. The committee was given the task of building a standardised protocol, considering first and foremost the needs of the Chinese markets. In 2005, SSE joined the global FIX Protocol Limited (FPL) organisation and in 2006 FPL’s subcommittees for exchanges and ECNs.

Today, the STEP protocol is being implemented, based on FIX 4.4 with some minimal exchange specific variations in the SSE and SZSE versions. In other words FIX.

SSE tested its STEP engine as early as 2006 and will be deploying the engine to its market participants as part of the New Generation Trading System (NGTS), which will be operational later this year. SZSE will follow shortly, and both exchanges will be ready by the end of 2007.

However not all members will be ready or are willing to embrace STEP from the beginning. Large brokers and asset managers and those with foreign involvement will be the first to accept the new protocol. Smaller brokers and those in the process of restructuring are hesitant to accept and deploy STEP.

Concerns remain among some of China’s market participants about STEP, specifically with regard to performance in handling order volume, reliability and local support. So NGTS will provide direct market access (DMA) in parallel through two protocols, one being STEP and the other being the SSE’s current proprietary exchange protocol.

As a logical consequence, market data will follow, in FIX compatible format, once NGTS has been released into production.

All of this will happen – in the best case scenario – in time to coincide with Qualified Foreign Institutional Investors (QFIIs) successfully pushing China to allow DMA from overseas.

Rumour has it that a few of the QFIIs are already preparing for DMA into the Chinese markets, which represents no technical issues, but has not legally been deregulated. For Chinese domestic brokers and asset managers (regulated differently from foreign QFIIs) DMA is legally possible. However, SSE’s exchange members are required to separate reports to regulators for domestic and foreign order flow and hence QFII orders need to stop at the local executing brokers’ desks.

The writing is on the wall!

It used to be said that when US markets sneeze, Asian and European markets will get the flu. However, this might change. The sharp drop in China’s markets in February could be a portent: for the first time in decades, US markets suffered a drop caused by another country’s exchange, and not vice versa. We might have passed a historical turning point, and China’s exchanges seem to be preparing to take on the challenge.

Filed under: Asia, China, Exchanges, FiNETIK Articles, FIX Connectivity, Indonesia, Library, Malaysia, Thailand, Trading Technology, Vietnam, , , , , , , , , , , , ,