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China: CSRC sets outs rules on CSI 300 margin trading

China’s top securities regulator on Friday unveiled regulations on the pilot programs for the soon to be launched margin trading and short selling business.

Securities firms must have at least 5 billion yuan in net assets and be rated as A-class in order to be qualified for the business. The regulator also required securities firms to have sufficient capital holdings and stocks of their own and have completed test runs of the trading network in order to conduct the business.

“We will gradually loosen the requirements and expand the pilot programs to more securities firms after the first batch of selected firms achieve successful results,” said an official from the China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC).

The regulator also asked qualified securities firms to choose clients carefully based on the review of their financial status, trading experience and risk preference. The purpose is to restrict investors with low risk tolerance and insufficient trading experience from the business, the CSRC official said.

In 2008, the CSRC picked 11 top brokerages for test runs of the trading network, including CITIC Securities, Haitong Securities, Guotai Junan, Shenyin Wanguo and Everbright Securities. It was reported that the CSRC would pick six to seven domestic brokerages from the 11 candidates for the initial phase of the trial program.

The CSRC did not reveal what stocks would be the target for margin trading and short Margin trading and short selling will allow investors to borrow money to buy securities or borrow securities to sell.

Once launched, the business is expected to account for 15 to 20 percent of the securities industry’s revenue, analysts said.

Source:, 26.01.2010

Filed under: China, Energy & Environment, Exchanges, News, Risk Management, Trading Technology, , , , , , , , ,

Jim Rogers’ Crystal Ball on Latin America and China

The legendary investment guru and long-time commodities booster shares his views on the global economy, the commodity bull market and how Mexico, Brazil, Colombia and other Latin American economies will hold up in 2010 and beyond.

Ian McCluskey, Miami, Kroll – Tendencias January 2010

Alabama-raised Jim Rogers is perhaps best known as co-founder, with George Soros, of the Quantum Fund, which made him a wealthy man by his mid-30’s. But that was 30 years ago. Since then, he has circumnavigated the globe on a motorcycle and in a souped-up yellow Mercedes, written several best-selling books, and made countless millions more investing and dishing out advice in his customary blunt, yet southern gentlemanly manner.

A regular face on financial news networks and at investment summits the world over, Rogers – his timing impeccable — pulled up stakes in Manhattan in late 2007, selling his Riverside Drive mansion for a record $15 million just as the real estate market began to sour. He now makes his home in Singapore, while running his business out of a law office in downtown Miami. Rogers spoke with Kroll Tendencias in late December during a brief stopover.

Like other soothsayers, Rogers is bullish on much of South America. He foresees a great future for Colombia, but is not smitten by Brazil’s long-term prospects. Rogers, whose Rogers’ International Commodities Index (RICI) provides a compass for investment funds worldwide, predicts that the commodity bull market has another 10 years or so to run its course. He expects gold to hit $2,000 an ounce and oil to reach $200 a barrel sometime this decade.

Here are some excerpts from our conversation.

The Global Economy At least in the first half of 2010, he global economy will be better than in 2008 or 2009, but I would worry about 2011 and 2012, because governments are printing and spending so much money. We’re still in an ongoing economic problem that started in 2000 or 2001. We’ll see it get better for a little while, but over the next couple of years, things will not be better than they were in 2007, and perhaps never will be, in some countries.

Commodity Prices If the world economy gets better, commodity prices will go up because of shortages and, if the economy does not get better, commodities will still go up because governments are printing so much money. Will commodities go up in 2010?  I have no idea. If there is some big surprise – if the U.K. goes bankrupt, if America invades Iran — everything will go down for a while. But whatever happens, I expect commodities to be among the best places to be in 2010.

Crises on the Horizon I don’t foresee any critical events that will impact commodities in 2010. I would expect there to be a currency crisis or semi-crisis in the next year or two. I don’t think many people expect it, except me.

Bubbles in the Making Some emerging markets may be over-priced, but that does not mean a bubble. That’s just being expensive. Every market gets over-priced one time or another in any given year. The only bubble I see developing anywhere in the world is in the U.S. bond market, the long-term government bond market. I cannot conceive of lending to the U.S. government for 30 years in U.S. dollars at 3, 4, 5 or even 6% interest. It’s just mind-boggling to me.

Outlook for Latin America I am much more optimistic about most of Latin America, especially South America, than I am about North America, with the exception of Canada. I am more optimistic about parts of Latin America than I am about much of Europe. And that’s partly because of all the natural resources. South America is a commodity story.

Gushing over Colombia It looks like there will be real peace in Colombia and, if so, that would be one of the phenomenal opportunities of our time, because they have it all. Colombia’s been at war for, what, 30 years, 40 years? Any time you can get to a country shortly after a war ends, there are usually enormous opportunities because everything is so cheap. There’s not much energy, not much capital, not much optimism, still a lot of malaise. I’ve seen it happen over and over again. And Colombia has natural resources – coal, oil, agriculture – and, of course, it could become a tourist destination again. Terrific country. (Note: Last summer, after Sri Lanka declared an end to its long-running civil war, Rogers paid a visit to look around. “I didn’t buy anything yet,” he says.)

Not Sold on Brazil Whenever commodities have done well, Brazil has done extremely well. People get excited about Brazil, they start talking about the new Brazil, but then the bear market comes back to commodities, and the same old thing happens – [Brazil] prints money, inflation, military problems, military coups – and I suspect that will happen again, perhaps in 20 years or so. Right now, of course, things are great. Brazil’s economy is commodity-based and commodities are going through the roof. Do not get me wrong; I’m just suggesting that I have heard this story before about the great new Brazil.

Brazil’s President Lula The country is run by a socialist, but nobody really wants to be a socialist any more, and the ones that do want to be rich socialists. [Lula] came in in 2002 just as the bull market was gathering steam, so he looks like a genius.

More Attractive South America
Chile is doing well, even Uruguay. I’m still optimistic about Peru, too. It’s got a lot of natural resources and a reasonably good government. It, too, had a long war. Look around South America and, other than Venezuela and perhaps Ecuador, there are better things happening than before. But, again, whenever there’s a boom in commodities, if you’re a commodity country, you look better, you feel better. There’s nothing like having lots of money in the bank, lots of income, to make countries feel better and more attractive.

Waiting for the Other Shoe to Drop in Argentina (Note: In a November 2000 article in AmericaEconomia magazine, Rogers famously announced that, after driving around Argentina for several weeks, he was liquidating his remaining investments in the country and encouraged everyone else to do the same.)  The good on the horizon in Argentina is that things have gotten so much worse over the last seven years or so, that we are getting closer to a bottom. I’m not putting a single peso back into Argentina and have not done so since the [the 2001 debt default] because their governments – I don’t know how they do it – it’s astonishing how bad they can be. I’m still waiting for the other shoe to drop — another default, another debt crisis or whatever it might be. Argentina is a great agricultural nation, but they tell their farmers “You can’t export your stuff.” What they desperately need is foreign exchange and yet they say “We’re not going to earn any foreign exchange.” It’s stupefying how hopeless they can be at times.

Wary about Mexico Mexico has some huge problems. Forty percent of its income comes from oil but the oil is depleting at a very rapid rate. And of the country’s 100 million people, they are mainly young people.  I suspect you’ll see serious problems in Mexico over the next decade because young people get agitated pretty easily. If the government faces serious economic problems because they don’t have any money any more, Mexico could boil over.

China’s LatAm Connection China sees huge shortages of raw materials developing. The Chinese are not just going to Latin America. They are all over Central Asia, Africa. They are buying up everything in sight, because they know what’s coming. They are going where the commodities are and are willing to pay proper prices. And, in most countries the Chinese don’t tell the locals what to do. They say “Here’s your money, now let’s develop those mines, or grow those cops.” Most countries seem to be welcoming the Chinese with open arms.

Commodities Trading in China (Note: China’s Dalian Commodities Exchange recently invited Rogers to become its first foreign advisor.)  The main problem with doing anything with the Chinese as far as exchanges are concerned, is that their currency is blocked. You cannot trade the currency. It’s illegal for me to buy and sell commodities in China because I am not Chinese. Even if a foreigner could invest on the commodities exchange in China, the currency is still blocked. Not many people are going to take their money to China if they can’t get it out. Some companies, like Cargill, have licenses to trade but there aren’t many. If and when China does open up to foreign investors, I suspect China would become the largest commodities trading exchange in Asia, perhaps even in the world.

Hugo Chavez’ Perennial Threat to Stop Selling Oil to the U.S. and Sell Instead to China Chavez could conceivably do it, but oil is oil. It’s not like we’re talking about Picassos. Even if Chavez told the U.S. “We’re not going to sell you oil any more,” who cares? We’ll buy it somewhere else. There would be a temporary dislocation in the market. Some refineries would suffer, some ships would suffer, but it would all be re-jiggered. Chavez has to sell his oil somewhere; he can’t simply stop selling. So that oil is still in the market. If he sells it to China instead of America, those who were selling to China would now sell to the America. Oil’s a fungible product.

The author: Ian McCluskey ( ) is Editor of Kroll Tendencias, a monthly online thought leadership platform that focuses on business trends and business challenges in Latin America and the Caribbean. Articles are produced by Kroll consultants and other thought leaders in the region.

Source: Kroll – Tendencias January 2010

Filed under: Argentina, Asia, Brazil, Central America, Chile, China, Colombia, Latin America, Mexico, Peru, Venezuela, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

China Index Futures get Regulatory approval

The government on Friday gave the green light for stock index futures, margin trading and short selling in a milestone move that ends the one-way trade in the capital market.

An official with the China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC) said on Friday that the State Council has approved stock index futures, short selling and margin trading “in principle”. The regulator said it would take three months to complete preparations for index futures.

The new tools would protect investors against losses and also help them to profit from any declines. Until now, Chinese investors could only profit from gains in equities.  Analysts said the announcements are unlikely to cause any sharp volatility in the A-share market next week as the rumors have already been factored in.  “The market is unlikely to see huge fluctuations next week as the introduction of new financial tools has been discussed for years,” said Zhang Qi, an analyst with Haitong Securities.
Index futures are essentially agreements to buy or sell an index at a preset value on an agreed date. Investors can also borrow money to buy securities or borrow securities to sell under the business of margin trading and short selling.

Zhang said the move would be positive for blue-chips and heavyweight stocks as the contract would be initially based on China’s CSI 300 Index that tracks the 300 biggest shares traded in Shanghai and Shenzhen.

“Index futures are expected to bolster the market value of blue-chips,” he said.  Large listed securities firms such as CITIC Securities and Haitong Securities will also
directly benefit from the new business and could see a surge in their revenues, Zhang said.  Analysts expect the new tools to improve liquidity by attracting more capital into the equity market as the government plans to cut back bank lending to 7.5 trillion yuan ($1.1 trillion) in 2010 from last year’s 9.21 trillion yuan.

China’s securities regulator has been considering the introduction of index futures since 2006 when Shanghai set up the China Financial Futures Exchange to prepare for the running of the new mechanism. The plan had been held up till now along with the proposals for margin trading and short selling.

In 2007, CSRC chairman Shang Fulin said that the infrastructure and regulations needed for index futures and margin trading are in place.  Institutional investors are expected to be the mainstay of the new business as the threshold is high for retail investors who are more vulnerable to potential risks, said analysts.

It is estimated that the trading of stock index futures will take about three months to set up. Investors will need to deposit a minimum of 500,000 yuan in order to open an account to trade in stock index futures.

China will select high-quality brokerages to launch the short selling and margin trading of stocks on a trial basis.

Source: NewEdge, 08.01.2010 by Liang Haisan

Filed under: Asia, China, Exchanges, News, Risk Management, , , , , , , , , , , ,

Asigna, The Mexican Derivatives Exchange (MexDer) Clearing House, And The Options Industry Council Sign Licensing Agreement To Provide Options Education In Mexico

Asigna, The Clearing House of MexDer, the Mexican Derivatives Exchange, and The Options Industry Council (OIC), a world leader in options education based in Chicago, announced today that they have entered into a licensing agreement to develop an educational program for Mexican investors and financial advisors.

This is the first educational collaboration for OIC in Latin America. As the Mexican marketplace has grown, so has the demand for new products such as options. With the help of its clearing members and MexDer, Asigna will deliver options education based on OIC’s content for investors and advisors mainly through live seminars and access to website material from

“Working with Asigna illustrates that international interest in the U.S. options market continues to expand,” said Gina McFadden, OIC President. “Through our partnership with Asigna, OIC can now reach Latin American investors with the important initial step to understanding the benefits and risks of options.”

“This agreement with OIC is an extension of various efforts of MexDer and Asigna to increase awareness and use of Mexico’s financial and listed derivatives markets. We believe OIC’s broad experience in the industry will help to promote the advantages of using listed financial options instruments for hedging,” said Luis Téllez, Chairman of MexDer and Asigna.

Source: MondoVisione, 08.12.2009

Filed under: BMV - Mexico, Exchanges, Latin America, Mexico, News, Risk Management, , , , , , , , ,

Brazil:BM&FBOVESPA Exchange news and events November 2009

BM&FBOVESPA presents its new Corporate Sustainability Index (ISE) Portfolio

The new Corporate Sustainability Index (ISE) portfolio, which comprises shares issued by companies recognized for their high level of commitment to sustainability and social responsibility, will enter into effect on December 1st, 2009 and will be valid until November 30th, 2010. It contains 43 shares issued by 34 companies that represent 15 sectors and a market capitalization of BRL 730 billion, which corresponds to 32.21 % of the total market capitalization of all the companies listed on BMFBOVESPA (on 11/24/2009).

Three industry sectors have been included in this year’s portfolio: civil works, insurance, and machinery and heavy equipment. Of the 28 companies that composed the previous portfolio, 26 been reselected. The eight companies that were included are: Copel, Even, Itausa, Indústrias Romi, Redecard, Sul America, Usiminas, and Vivo. The previous ISE portfolio contained 36 shares issued by 28 companies from 12 different sectors. Aiming to reduce industry segment concentration, the new portfolio contemplates changes to the index’s methodology, which now limits sector participation to 15%. The previous methodology permitted up to 25% participation per company.

BM&FBOVESPA forms Real Estate Market Advisory Committee

BM&FBOVESPA has launched the Real Estate Market Advisory Committee, which aims to counsel the Exchange on matters concerning this segment, including the development of financial products based on real estate assets. The committee is composed by 20 real estate industry specialists, representing regulatory agencies, companies, entities, financial institutions, and law firms.

BM&FBOVESPA launches new website

The Exchange has launched its new integrated website, With a totally renovated design, the portal brings information about the Exchange, its markets, products and services, and regulation.

The website is available in English, Portuguese, Spanish, and Mandarin.

Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) volume increases in 2009

BM&FBOVESPA offers ETFs that track the performance similar of IBOVESPA, IBR-X 50, Mid-Large Cap Index and Small Cap Index, indexes developed and calculated by the Exchange. These four instruments were issued and are managed by renowned institutions like the Brazilian Development Bank (BNDES) and Barclays Global Investors Brasil (BGI Brasil). They represent an alternative investment strategy for both local and international participants, providing investors with efficiency, transparency, flexibility and arbitrage opportunities. Options on BOVA11 are also available, as well as other BVMF Index futures products.

Index Fund (ETF) Underlying Index Tracks… Ticker
PIBB IBrX-50 Fifty most liquid shares of the cash market PIBB11
iShares Ibovespa IBOVESPA Companies representing 80% of the total trading value BOVA11
iShares MidLarge Cap MLCX Companies representing 85% of the total market value MILA11
iShares Small Cap SMLL Remaining companies not included in MLCX SMAL11

From January to November 24, 2009 the trading activity of ETFs in BVMF totaled BRL 3.89 billion, 136% more than the value traded in 2008. Among these four securities, ETF BOVA11 has obtained the highest financial volume this year, with BRL 3.28 billion, and 32,890 trades.

Exchange creates Institutional Participant Relations Department

The goal of the new department will be to expand the sales activities relating to the segment of fund managers and institutional clients, including pension funds. This is an important step in consolidating BM&FBOVESPA’s strategy to expand its client base.

To head the new department, the Exchange has appointed Mr. José Antonio Gragnani as Institutional Participant Relations Officer. Mr. Gragnani has vast experience in the financial and government sectors

BM&FBOVESPA appoints new sustainability officer

The Exchange has appointed Ms. Sonia Favaretto to head its Sustainability Department. The principal mission of the department is to increase BM&FBOVESPA’s philanthropic activities, social responsibility programs, and stimulate employee participation of such projects.

Ms. Favaretto has a broad professional experience in the area of corporate social responsibility, having worked at Itaú Unibanco Bank and the BankBoston Foundation.

BEST Brazil road show meets Asian investors

The BEST – Brazil: Excellence in Securities Transactions road show promoted the Brazilian financial and capital markets to Asian investors, from November 23 to 26. Approximately 250 people attended the event, which visited Hong Kong, Tokyo, and Seoul, besides clients of local financial institutions that organized ten one-on-one meetings with BEST Brazil officials

During the event, representatives from ANBIMA, BM&FBOVESPA, and FEBRABAN conducted seminars on the Brazilian capital markets, especially the equities products available as investment opportunities. The Brazilian Market Profile is a comprehensive and in-depth analysis for international investors and was distributed at the road show.

BM&FBOVESPA announces earnings for third quarter of 2009

Net income of BRL 245.8 million increased 4.3% year-on-year, whereas adjusted net income of BRL 337.3 million rose 6.8% over adjusted pro forma net income for the three-month period to September 2008. 3Q09 net revenues of BRL 383.0 million contracted 6.5% from the same quarter one year ago. In a comparison of the nine months to September 2009, net revenues dropped 13.8% to BRL 1,077.8 million.

3Q09 operating expenses reached BRL 132.5 million, a 4.0%

decline from one year ago. As adjusted by items with no impact on cash flow, such as depreciation and the employee stock options plan, operating expenses for the quarter amounted to BRL 109.0 million, a 16.2% retreat from adjusted expenses for the same period one year earlier, and in line with the BRL 450.0 million target for 2009.

EBITDA totaled BRL 262.0 million for the third quarter, down 6.3% from 3Q08, and BRL 698.7 million for the nine months to September 2009, a year-on-year drop of 18.2%. The EBITDA margin kept a flat line in a comparison of the quarters to September 2009 (68.4%) and September 2008 (68.3%).

DMA trading volumes increases during the month of October

In October, Direct Market Access (DMA) trading of the derivatives market segment at the Brazilian Securities, Commodities and Futures Exchange – BM&FBOVESPA reached a total of 10,438,031 contracts traded, with 1,210,689 trades carried out through the GTS trading platform. In September, the total was 7,800,461 contracts traded in 731,377 trades. The volumes registered by access modality in October in comparison to the previous month are as follows:

Traditional DMA
5,590,649 contracts traded, in 516,459 trades, in comparison to 4,649,846 contracts traded and 455,580 trades;

Via DMA Provider
1,356,018 contracts traded, in 36,414 trades, in comparison to 1,217,992 contracts traded and 25,793 trades;

DMA via order routing with CME Globex (CME Group’s electronic trading platform)
3,246,598 contracts traded, in 617,938 trades, in comparison to 1,785,549 contracts and 233,953 trades.

DMA via co – location
244,766 contracts traded, in 39,878 trades, in comparison to 147,074 contracts traded, in 16,051 trades.

BM&FBOVESPA market performance – October 2009

BM&F Segments
Derivatives markets in the BM&F segment (including financial and commodities derivatives) totaled 34,670,732 contracts and BRL 2.38 trillion in volume in October. That compares to 31,505,077 contracts and a volume of BRL 2.12 trillion in September. The daily average of contracts traded in the derivatives markets in October was 1,650,987, compared to 1,500,242 in the previous month.

Financial Derivative
Interest rate futures (ID) totaled in October 12,104,485 contracts traded, in contrast to 12,469,090 in September. The US dollar futures ended the month totaling 7,033,995 contracts compared to 5,959,815 contracts in the previous month. The Ibovespa futures traded 2,304,720 contracts in September, compared to 1,443,420 in the last month. The Euro futures contract (EUR) registered 14,970 contracts, in contrast to 5,330 contracts in September.

Agribusiness Derivatives
In October, the BM&FBOVESPA agribusiness derivatives market (including futures and options) totaled 197,101 contracts traded, compared to 151,582 in September. Agribusiness markets totaled 61,356 open interest contracts at the end of the last trading day of October. In September, these contracts totaled 74,238.

BOVESPA Segments
In October, equity markets (Bovespa segment) registered historic marks in financial volume daily averages, which totaled BRL 7.34 billion, with 436,250 trades. The October volume was BRL 154.25 billion, with 9,161,252 trades. Home Broker, a web-based equities trading system, set six trading records, and reached its highest trading volume ever with BRL 60.99 billion and the number of individual investor accounts came to 555,768 for the first time.

Source: BM&FBOVESPA, 01.12.2009

Filed under: BM&FBOVESPA, Brazil, Exchanges, Latin America, News, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

HKEx Derivatives Market Transaction Survey Finds Strong Local And Overseas Investor Support For The Market

Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing Limited’s (HKEx) Derivatives Market Transaction Survey 2008/09 (covering the period from July 2008 to June 2009) found that Exchange Participants’ (EPs) principal trading supported half of the trading in HKEx’s derivatives (futures and options) market and the other half had strong support from both local investors (primarily individuals) and overseas investors (primarily institutions).

In 2008/09, the turnover for the futures and options under study was 103 million contracts (referred to as the total market turnover in this survey), compared to 106 million contracts in 2007/08.  Stock options remained the dominant product by turnover (as measured by contract volume), albeit with a drop in their contribution to total market turnover (from 56 per cent in 2007/08 to 49 per cent in 2008/09).

Some key findings of the 2008/09 survey


  • EP principal trading (comprising market maker trading and EP proprietary trading) contributed 53 per cent of total market turnover (down from 61 per cent in 2007/08), 82 per cent of stock options turnover (vs 89 per cent in 2007/08) and 24 per cent of turnover in other futures and options (vs 26 per cent in 2007/08)
  • Local investors contributed 25 per cent of total market turnover (up from 21 per cent in 2007/08), and overseas investors contributed 22 per cent (up from 19 per cent in 2007/08) .
  • Retail investors contributed 23 per cent of total market turnover (up from 19 per cent in 2007/08), mostly from local retail investors (20 per cent).  Institutional investors contributed 24 per cent in 2008/09 (up from 20 per cent in 2007/08), mostly from overseas institutional investors (19 per cent) (see Figures 2 and 3).
  • Major products-  For Hang Seng Index ( HSI ) futures, overseas institutional and local retail investors were the major contributors (34 per cent and 32 per cent respectively of the product’s turnover).
    –  For Mini-HSI futures, the dominant contributors were local retail investors (58 per cent).
    –  For H-shares Index (HHI) futures, overseas investors were the major contributors (54 per cent: 49 per cent from institutions, 5 per cent from individuals).
    –  For HHI options, EP principal trading and overseas institutional investors were the major contributors (34 per cent and 28 per cent respectively).
    –  For stock options and HSI options, EP principal trading was dominant (82 per cent and 51 per cent respectively).
  • UK investors contributed the most to overseas investor trading in 2008/09 (29 per cent, compared to 32 per cent in 2007/08).  US investors came second (19 per cent in 2008/09, down from 26 per cent in 2007/08).  Australian investors ranked third (14 per cent in 2008/09, up from 11 per cent in 2007/08).  Mainland China, European (excluding the UK) and Singaporean investors were also significant contributors (10-11 per cent in 2008/09).
  • Retail online trading contributed 43 per cent of total retail investor trading (39 per cent in 2007/08) and 10 per cent to total market turnover (7 per cent in 2007/08).

The Derivatives Market Transaction Survey has been conducted annually along similar lines since 1994.  The surveys for the latest four years covered HSI futures, HSI options, Mini-HSI futures, HHI futures, HHI options and stock options.  These products together accounted for 98.9 per cent of the total turnover of the HKEx derivatives market during the study period of the 2008/09 survey.  The survey had an overall response rate of 90 per cent and the respondents contributed 99 per cent of the total turnover during the study period.

The full report on the HKEx Derivatives Market Transaction Survey 2008/09 is available on the HKEx website at:

Source:MondoVisione, 28.11.2009

Filed under: Asia, Exchanges, Hong Kong, News, , , , , , , , , , , , ,

CMA launches Latin America algo trading offering

CMA the leading Market Data, Order Management and Connectivity provider in Brazil has officially launched CMA Algoritmos onto its Trade Hub platform.

CMA can now provide algorithmic trading as a part of its portfolio of leading LatAm capital markets services and applications. CMA product offerings are currently in use throughout Latin America by over 17,000 workstations, 75 brokers with access to over 100 global exchanges.

CMA Algoritmos is a sophisticated suite of solutions particularly designed for and by the Brazilian trading market with uses throughout Latin American, Europe and North America. The user simply defines trading strategies, customizes triggers while being able to utilize many common methodologies such as SpreadMaker, VWAP, TWAP, QuickBasket, Best Offer, Volume Tracker and Financial Summary as a few examples.

CMA has enabled Algoritmos onto CMA Trade Hub, the largest network of services and applications utilizing all versions of FIX in Latin America, so that any interested trading party Buy-Side or Sell- Side in North America, Europe or beyond would have instantaneous access to broker dealers for execution.

The CMA services and applications on Trade Hub are utilized by more than 17,000 workstations from 60 brokers and many of their clients in Brazil as well as 15 other brokers and their clients throughout: Argentina, Chile, Peru, Colombia, Mexico and Spain. The addition of Algoritmos makes trading Equities, Futures, Options and Foreign eXchange in Latin American Capital Markets even more lucrative.

Source: FINEXTRA, 23.11.2009

Filed under: Argentina, BM&FBOVESPA, BMV - Mexico, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Exchanges, FIX Connectivity, Latin America, Mexico, News, Peru, Trading Technology, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

KRX Listing 10 additional Stock Futures on Dec 14, 2009

10 additional single stock futures will be listed on Dec 14, 2009 since the Korea Exchange introduced 15 single stock futures for the first time on May 6, 2008.

Of the stocks that satisfy the selection criteria related to the market share within the industry group and liquidity, the 10 single stock futures to be listed in December have been chosen by taking into consideration the inputs of securities companies, including how frequently the underlying stock has been used in developing equity linked products such as ELWs, ELSs and single stock options.

The issues selected are:

  • Kia Motors(Motor Vehicle),
  • Daewoo Securities(Securities),
  • Korean Air(Transport),
  • Doosan Infracore(Machinery),
  • Samsung C&T(Distribution),
  • Hynix(Semiconductor),
  • Hyundai Steel(Steel),
  • GSE&C(Construction),
  • NHN(Service),
  • SK Energy(Chemical)

As a result, after December 14, 2009, total of 25 single stock futures will be listed on the Korea Exchange.

It is expected that listing of these additional single stock futures will further facilitate new trading strategies to meet the demand of foreign and domestic market participants.

Source:MondoVisione, 17.11.2009

Filed under: Asia, Exchanges, Korea, News, , , , ,

Mexico’s MexDer seeks high class global partners

The financial crisis has slowed trading at Mexico City’s derivatives exchange MexDer, and led to some nasty smells in the OTC market. But participants are sure this is a temporary dip. Mexico’s market, led by MexDer, is full of drive. The exchange has up-to-date technology, is easily accessible to foreign traders, and could be on the verge of attracting a wave of new interest. FOW’s Agnieszka Troszkiewicz reports.

Jorge Alegría Formoso, chief executive of Mercado Mexicano de Derivados, is heading for Huatulco, a tourist resort in southern Mexico. But instead of taking some time off, he is attending the annual convention of Mexican pension funds.

As Alegría explained when FOW caught up with him, he is relentlessly working to attract new market participants to MexDer, and pension funds, known as Afores (Administradoras de Fondos de Retiro), are the country’s largest institutional investors.

They are increasingly given permission to use a wider range of financial products, presenting a big opportunity for MexDer.

On October 1, President Felipe Calderón proposed allowing Afores to invest freely in stocks, which would involve using single stock options. The reforms, which also include allowing Afores to invest in infrastructure and IPOs, have yet to be approved by the National Commission for the Pension System (Consar) and by Banco de Mexico, the country’s central bank.

“This is very good news for MexDer,” Alegría says. “Because of the changes in the regulation, we are very bullish on individual stock options, and potentially individual stock futures.”

Big ambitions

For an 11 year old exchange, MexDer has come a long way. “We took, and we are taking, the necessary measures to be the market of choice for the conduct of heavy activity in Mexico and Latin America,” Alegría says.

MexDer’s “dual strategy” for the next few years involves attracting both domestic and international investors.

On the local front, the main challenge is on the training side, Alegría explains: “Teaching funds; teaching the local investor base about the advantages of using derivatives and how to use them.”

He also wants the local banks to start favouring exchange-traded derivatives above the over-the-counter market.

Internationally, MexDer wants to attract high frequency traders and global players. “We’re actively promoting the very easy access to the exchange,” Alegría says. “We have big advantages on the regulatory and the clearing side to attract international players to our market.”

Seeking out customers

Others have noticed Alegría’s eagerness. “He’s been pounding the streets in North America, Europe and Asia about his exchange,” says Gerald Perez, managing director of Interactive Brokers UK, an online broker in London that provides direct market access (DMA) to MexDer.

“He’s been very receptive to hearing about needs from remote members, as well as customers and independent software vendors. The exchange has come up with solutions relatively quickly, compared to other exchanges in the same categories,” Perez says.

Interactive Brokers’ customers include individuals, hedge funds, brokers and proprietary trading firms. Those trading on MexDer mainly come from Europe and the Americas. “As we become more global, they want to diversify their portfolios; they want to take advantage of more opportunities; they want to go into emerging markets,” Perez says.

“It’s easy to connect to MexDer through brokers like us, which creates arbitrage opportunities,” he adds. Mexico’s location also makes MexDer an attractive marketplace for both north and south Americans.

Ryan Keough, managing director at SunGard Global Trading in New York, is in charge of business development in Latin America. He says that SunGard’s clients typically opt to trade more than one market in a region. “In Latin America, we have clients who are Spanish banks; but also some of the American banks, being full service providers, need to have a Mexican presence,” Keough says.

MexDer has been vigorous in its quest to reach out to remote members and increase its volumes. With support from the local authorities, the exchange took the first steps to modify local regulations to create an omnibus account scheme, allowing foreign financial firms to trade through MexDer members. In 2005, the exchange authorised remote trading.

MexDer was helped by the US Commodity Futures Trading Commission, which in 2006 allowed its IPC equity index futures to be used by traders in the US. And the abolition of withholding tax for foreign participants boosted foreign interest in the Mexican exchange.

MexDer accepts collateral in dollars without requiring that it be converted into pesos or transferred to a Mexican-based account. It also allows the use of US Treasury notes, bonds and bills as margin.

The exchange has also worked to improve its technology. “Communication, communication, communication,” says Gloria Roa Béjar, head of BBVA Bancomer Derivados in Mexico City.

She points to connectivity as an area of progress for the exchange. The Fix Protocol has allowed fast direct access to the exchange, encouraging independent software vendors to write to the exchange.

ISVs have used Fix to build gateways and interfaces and add MexDer to the list of exchanges they offer, further increasing participation from overseas. “That’s an indication that the exchange is moving forward and meeting the needs of technology partners,” Perez says.

Technical upgrades

The exchange has chosen software vendor RTS Realtime Systems Group to supply its new front end trading platform. John Dempsey, vice-president for business development at RTS in Chicago, says the platform helped put local players on a more level playing field with the rest of the derivatives markets.

“It gave them a new set of tools to be able to manage their risk and get their trading done, perhaps in a more efficient and faster way,” he says, adding that the front end solution has brought a lot of interest from abroad.

“They really needed to get a single solution into the hands of the options market makers as well as into the traders and their customers, and to have a consistent, current capability to attract traders and so on from the outside and keep in line with the rest of the world. And it’s working!” Dempsey says.

To increase algorithmic trading, MexDer plans to introduce co-location in November. Keough at SunGard is convinced that co-location is an excellent service for MexDer to provide to its members and that it will improve the technical aspects of electronic trading, such as matching engines and the ability to handle big volumes.

With co-location, volumes should increase. But to be really attractive to algorithmic traders, the exchange needs more liquidity.

Falling volume

Although MexDer has taken several important steps to facilitate foreign participation in the past few years, its winning streak has been broken by the global financial crisis. As in most parts of the world, interest rate derivatives, which are at the heart of MexDer’s product suite, were hit worst by the financial crisis.

Alegría admits this. “The deleveraging process outside and inside Mexico affected the activity of the banks and their risk positions, and we were hit by that,” he says.

But he emphasises that the situation was the same everywhere, especially in the interest rate market.

MexDer’s total trading volume fell from nearly 229m contracts in 2007 to 70.2m in 2008, but that figure gives a misleadingly bad impression.

Almost all of the decline was due to a technical reconfiguration of one contract – the exchange’s benchmark future on the main interbank interest rate, the 28 day Tasa de Interés Interbancaria de Equilibrio, or TIIE 28.

A change to the product in September 2007 meant that market participants needed to trade much less often. Annual volume plunged from 220.6m contracts in 2007 to 57.9m in 2008. So far, 28.9m contracts have been traded in the January-August period this year, a monthly average of 3.61m, down from last year’s average of 4.83m.

Roa points out that in times of turmoil, market participants shifted from the TIIE 28 to peso/dollar futures and longer term interest rate swap futures of three and 10 years.

Fight for liquidity

“We were once among the 12 largest derivatives exchanges. We would like to regain our place,” Roa says.

The challenge for the market, she argues, is to raise volumes and liquidity without compromising financial strength. The obstacles to bringing in more traders include the heavy paperwork needed to open an account and the language barrier. But Mexico can compete on speed, Roa claims, and MexDer is changing its servers to be fast enough.

Above all, liquidity remains the main challenge and precondition for winning new customers. But falling volumes have been discouraging, especially to algorithmic and proprietary traders who take large positions.

Due to the financial crisis, several brokers and prop traders, which before the crisis had wanted to get involved in the exchange, delayed their plans to start trading.

One source at an international bank says the bank put its plans to trade on MexDer on hold due to the decline in volume and high connectivity costs.

“Our customers that desire access are high volume, algorithmic proprietary trading groups. They would either need co-location or expensive high bandwidth data lines,” the source says. “So with the lower volumes and high cost of access, we have put MexDer on hold.”

Instead, the bank is now focused on accessing Brazil’s BM&F Bovespa, which even though it has a far more cumbersome process for opening third party omnibus accounts, benefits from an order routing agreement with CME Group. All the bank’s customers have access to the Globex order routing system, through which BM&F’s contracts can be traded.

And although MexDer allows remote non-clearing membership, the cost of accessing the exchange was “the next biggest issue” after the drop in liquidity, the source says.

Alegría disagrees with the notion that connecting to MexDer is costly, arguing that execution and clearing costs are comparable with similar products on other emerging market exchanges. But he admits that connectivity costs may vary, depending on the location of the member.

The exchange has been “adding a lot of efficiencies in terms of access, no taxes and on clearing, that makes our market more easy to access and trade, thus reducing all-in costs as well,” he says. “We are of course exploring some reduced fee schedules for liquidity providers, for certain market making programmes that we will publish in the future.”

On the bright side

Though the crisis has affected the exchange’s activities, market participants believe it has passed the test. “Although our volumes decreased, it was a very solid market,” Roa says, pointing to the fact that there was no default in the clearing house and margin calls were honoured. “The September 2008 crisis was one of these big tests of the market and we survived without problems. A solid clearing house and solid clearing members,” she says.

“The exchange did pretty well from the risk management point of view,” Alegría says. “I guess all the exchanges have demonstrated that the model works well… This is the model that should be used in the future for regulation and preferred use of derivatives.”

Trouble over the counter

Alegría’s confidence about the benefits of exchange-traded derivatives is in sharp contrast with the sour mood in the OTC market.

Last year, as in many emerging markets from Poland to Brazil, some Mexican companies suffered mark-to-market losses from positions in currency derivatives, which totalled about $15bn.

The losses almost led to the collapse of several Mexican household names. Brewer Grupo Modelo, conglomerate Alfa, cement maker Cemex and tortilla maker Gruma were among companies that took heavy losses on the contracts. Comercial Mexicana, the country’s major food retailer, sought bankruptcy protection last year after losing up to $1.1bn on non-deliverable forward contracts it had made with international banks.

In 2007 and 2008, the companies bet against the depreciation of the currency by selling foreign exchange options in the offshore market, due to the strengthening of the peso before August 2008.

The contracts allowed the companies to sell dollars at low cost when the peso rose in value. But, at the same time, they forced them to sell dollars at a loss if the Mexican currency fell beyond a set limit.

A month after the collapse of Lehman Brothers, the peso dropped by more than 30% and the companies were forced to sell double the amount of US dollars at the higher price.

Pablo Perezalonso Eguía, partner at Ritch Mueller law firm in Mexico City, says banks are now more careful about the type of products they offer clients, and about how they document their transactions. “Especially, they are more careful about requesting collateral, because in many of the instances there was no collateral requested in these transactions, which complicated things for banks and broker-dealers,” he says.

There are now discussions about changing a standard local master agreement to make things more clear, Perezalonso says.

Evan Koster, partner at Dewey & LeBoeuf in New York, adds that “From a banker-dealer perspective, there is a lot of hesitancy to do derivatives with Mexican counterparties as a result of that experience.”

The obstacles, he says, are now more than regulatory – they are related to perception and credit.

Smart state

This bad experience of derivatives in Mexico contrasts sharply with the clever use of OTC options by the Mexican government, which successfully hedged its revenue from oil taxes during one of the most turbulent periods for the oil price (see FOW Awards on page 22).

“Here we have an interesting contrast of prudent use of financial products for financial planning and risk management, and not so prudent use of this type of products,” says Gerardo Rodriguez Regordosa, director of public credit at the Mexican Ministry of Finance and Public Credit.

“The fact that some people did not make responsible use of financial products does not imply that the product itself is not something good. I think that people understand that difference very well in the market,” Rodriguez says.

Nevertheless, the Treasury’s success has failed to reverse the poor public image of derivatives in Mexico. Participation in general has been restrained. “When there is turmoil in such hard times, people abstain from derivatives at all,” Roa observes. “They don’t make distinction between the OTC and organised markets. We have seen, as a market as a whole, a decrease in volume in 2009.”

But she asserts that people should differentiate between the organised and OTC markets: “Derivatives got a bad name after the crisis, but the organised markets are transparent, solid and efficient.”

MexDer’s OTC plans

Alegría has a “three-layered” plan that would help MexDer capitalise on market participants’ loss of appetite for OTC products and lure trading to the exchange.

In December, MexDer will list deliverable versions of its two and 10 year interest rate swap futures contract. “You will be able to trade interest rate swaps in MexDer with a central clearing counterparty, which is Asigna,” Alegría says.

Market participants will be able to close open positions before the expiration of the contract, which will be settled by the clearing house.

“This is the first step – to move one step closer to OTC trading [coming] on to exchange trading and clearing,” Alegría says.

The second phase is to develop an OTC clearing service next year. Finally, Alegría wants to see a registry of OTC trades, to serve as a database for the authorities – similar to the way the Depository Trust and Clearing Corp works in the US.

CME on the horizon

Changes might happen soon with a potential alliance with CME Group. In September, Bolsa Mexicana de Valores, the owner of MexDer, announced it had entered talks “of a preliminary nature” with CME Group, which could involve selling a minority stake in the BMV Group to the Chicago exchange. The talks centre, of course, on MexDer.

Bernardo Mariano, an analyst at the Equity Research Desk, an investment advisory firm in Greenwich, Connecticut, says a relationship between the two exchanges could mean an order routing agreement.

“CME has about 150,000 terminals around the world and that will provide MexDer with an audience. For them to achieve 150,000 terminals can take many years, if not even decades,” Mariano says.

For CME the deal could mean being able to offer more products to its clients, as well as reaching new customers in Mexico.

The source at an international bank reckons that MexDer would benefit from partnering with a major global exchange. He says it has been approached by the likes of CME, NYSE, Nasdaq OMX, International Securities Exchange and Eurex. “They just need to choose one and move on or they will miss the party. I believe the MexDer representatives that I have met are smart, conscientious and enthusiastic and they believe a partnership is inevitable,” he says.

Alegría is silent about the potential alliance, saying it is too early to talk about it. But it is widely hoped that the potential deal will bring an increase in volume thanks to CME’s expertise and network. SunGard’s Keough believes MexDer might also gain “additional credibility” owing to CME’s reputation.

The next stage

The exchange might enjoy a similar experience to BM&F Bovespa’s. In October 2007, CME Group acquired a 10% stake in BM&F, which later became a 5% stake in the merged BM&F Bovespa. The Brazilian exchange received 1.7% of CME Group.

The deal has resulted in a mutual order routing agreement, and the two groups have also jointly developed new products.

“We saw the BM&F go through a whole revamp in Brazil and I think [MexDer] would see a similar renaissance occur,” Keough says. “These partnerships help drive innovation within the markets and that will continue especially if this CME partnership goes through.”

The partnership with CME helped the Brazilian exchange push its technology forward. “This partnership means firms trading on the CME can have access to these markets as well. That way the exchange will need to make sure that all the infrastructure is in place to then support the additional users and more electronic trading,” Keough says.

Guillermo Camou Hernandez, director at Scotia Capital, which clears futures and options on MexDer, reckons: “Once Mexico makes some structural changes, as other emerging countries have, it will be a target of many foreign investors, and with the synergy with the CME, MexDer will increase the participants, customers and then the volume.”

Source: FOW, 06.11.2009

Filed under: BMV - Mexico, Exchanges, Latin America, Mexico, News, Risk Management, Trading Technology, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

BM&FBOVESPA market performance- October 2009

  • Bovespa segment sets records in financial volume daily averages, number of trades, Home Broker, and individual investor accounts.
  • In the BM&F segment, Ibovespa futures market surpasses 2 million contracts traded.

In October 2009, equity markets (Bovespa segment) registered historic marks in financial volume daily averages, which totaled BRL 7.34 billion, with 436,250 trades. The October volume was BRL 154.25 billion, with 9,161,252 trades. Home Broker, a web-based equities trading system, set six trading records, and reached its highest trading volume ever with BRL 60.99 billion and the number of individual investor accounts came to 555,768 for the first time.

Derivatives markets in the BM&F segment (including financial and commodities derivatives) totaled 34,670,732 contracts and BRL 2.38 trillion in volume in October. That compares to 31,505,077 contracts and a volume of BRL 2.12 trillion in September. The daily average of contracts in the derivatives markets in October was 1,650,987, compared to 1,500,242 in the previous month. BM&F segment highlight for October was the Ibovespa futures market that jumped from 1,443,420 contracts traded in September, to 2,304,720 traded in October.

BOVESPA Segment (Equities)

Volumes and Trades – Equities, Equities Derivatives and Fixed Income
The Bovespa markets reached a total volume of BRL 154.25 billion in 9,161,252 trades in October, with daily averages of BRL 7.34 billion and 436,250 trades, respectively. In September, total volume reached BRL 114.23 billion in 7,143,911 trades. September daily averages reached BRL 5.43 billion and 340,186 trades.

The most traded stocks in September were: Vale PNA, with BRL 15.05 billion; Petrobrás PN, with BRL 12.77 billion; Itauunibanco PN, with BRL 5.26 billion; BMFBovespa ON , with BRL 5.23 billion; and OGX Petróleo ON, with BRL 5.16 billion.

The Ibovespa ended October 0.04% higher at 61,545 points. Best performing stocks were: CCR Rodovias ON (+14.81%); Bradespar PN (+11.81%); Gerdau PN (+10.74%); Vale ON (+9.95%); and TAM S/A PN (+9.78%).Worst performing stocks were: Rossi Resid On (-17.26%); Aracruz PNB(-16.71%); VCP ON (-16.41%); Embraer ON (-12.78%); and BMFBovespa ON (-12.71%).

In addition to the Ibovespa, the following stock exchange indexes also ended September up: IBrX-50 (+0.22% at 8,709 points); IBrX-100 (+0.35% at 19,642 points); ITEL (+0.74% at 1,362 points); INDX (+1.40% at 9,100 points); Small Cap (+2.62% at 993 points); MidLarge Cap (+0.20% at 874 points); and Iconsumo (+1.49% at 1,207 points). The remaining stock exchange indexes ended September down: ISE (-3.56% at 1,701 points); IEE (-1.09% at 22,086 points); IVBX-2 (-0.79% at 5,008 points); IGC (-0.43% at 6,033 points); ITAG (-1.76% at 7,835 points); and Imobiliário (-4.42% at 817 points).

Market Value
Market capitalization of the 387 companies listed on BM&FBOVESPA in October was BRL 2.11 trillion, compared to BRL 2.09 trillion, which represented the 386 companies listed in August.

Special Corporate Governance Levels
The 159 companies that compose BM&FBOVESPA’s special corporate governance levels represented, at the end of September, 64.65% of the market capitalization, 78.83% of trading volume, and 81.87% of the trades in the spot market.

Market Participation
The spot market accounted for 93.3% of total trading volume in September, followed by the options market, with 4.9%, and by the forward market, with 1.8%. The after-market traded BRL 1.66 billion with 124.268 trades, compared to BRL 1.46 billion and 118,653 trades in the previous month.

Investor Participation
In October, foreign investors were responsible for 33.67% of the total volume, compared to 32.70% in September. Individual investors came next, with 30.53%, compared to 31.01%; institutional investors had 24.80%, compared to 25.90%; financial institutions, with 8.99%, compared to 8.20%; companies, with 1.95%, compared to 2.12%; and other types of investors, 0.06%, compared to 0.07%.

Foreign Investment
The net flow of foreign investment into the Brazilian stock market in 2009 as of October 30 is a positive BRL 32.88 billion, which is the combined result of the amount of BRL 13.73 billion in acquisitions carried out by foreign investors in the stock offerings and the positive balance of BRL 19.15 billion in direct trading at BM&FBOVESPA.

In October, the financial volume traded by foreign investors in the stock market is a positive BRL 1.14 billion, which is the net balance between stock sales of BRL 51.13 billion and stock purchases of BRL 52.27 billion.

The foreign investor participation in stock offerings, including IPOs, represented 57.6% of the total BRL 23.84 billion in transactions related to the publication of the closing announcement dates ending on November 4, 2009.

Individual Investors
BM&FBOVESPA ended October with 555,768 individual investor accounts in custody. The stock exchange had 515,506 such accounts in September.

Investment Clubs
BM&FBOVESPA ended August with 2,854 investment clubs and 50 new registrations. Total liquid asset reached BRL 12.31 billion and the number of participants reached 144,049, according to the latest available August data.

Home Broker
In October, trading via Home Broker registered the following records: volume totaled BRL 60.99 billion, compared to BRL 44.20 billion in September; average daily volume reached BRL 2.90 billion, compared to BRL 2.10 billion; total number of trades reached 5,973,285 compared to 4,474,883 in September; the daily average of trades stood at 284,442, in contrast to 213,090; the average amount per transaction totaled BRL 12,813, compared to BRL 10,862 ; participation in the stock market’s total volume in September was 19.80%, compared to 19.40% in August.

The total number of trades reached 32.60%, compared to 31.30%. The number of investors placing orders stood at 249,027, compared to 215,861in September. In October, the number of brokerage firms offering Home Broker was 67, compared to 68 in September.

Securities Lending
The financial volume of stock lending transactions in the Securities Lending Bank (BTC) reached BRL 29.54 billion in October, in comparison to BRL 28.74 billion in September. The total number of trades reached 63.642, compared to 63,477 in the previous month.

Fixed Income
In October, the trading volume for the secondary market, counting both the Bovespa Fix and the Soma Fix, totaled BRL 10.42 million, compared to BRL 66.83 million in September. Of this total, debentures accounted for BRL 4.19 million, Real Estate Receivables Certificates (CRI) accounted for BRL 5.35 million, and Credit Receivables Investment funds (FIDC) accounted for BRL 0.88 million.

The financial volume registered in October by the four BM&FBOVESPA Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) reached BRL 537.95 million, in contrast to BRL 557.86 million in September. ETFs BOVA11, SMAL11, MILA11, and PIBB11 registered 7,411 trades. In the previous month, the number of trades was 8,366. ETF BOVA11 reached the highest financial volume in October, with BRL 435.64 million, in comparison to BRL 484.17 in September.

BM&F Segment (Derivatives and Futures)

Derivatives markets in the BM&F segment (including financial and commodities derivatives) totaled 34,670,732 contracts and BRL 2.38 trillion in volume in October. That compares to 31,505,077 contracts and a volume of BRL 2.12 trillion in September. The daily average of contracts traded in the derivatives markets in October was 1,650,987, compared to 1,500,242 in the previous month.

Volumes and Trades – Financial Derivatives
Interest rate futures (ID) totaled in October 12,104,485 contracts traded, in contrast to 12,469,090 in September. The US dollar futures ended the month totaling 7,033,995 contracts compared to 5,959,815 contracts in the previous month. The Ibovespa futures traded 2,304,720 contracts in September, compared to 1,443,420 in the last month. The Euro futures contract (EUR) registered 14,970 contracts, in contrast to 5,330 contracts in August.

Open interest contracts ended the last trading day of October with 21,153,325 positions, compared to 21,993,232 in September.

Volumes and Trades– Agribusiness Derivatives
In October, the BM&FBOVESPA agribusiness derivatives market (including futures and options) totaled 197,101 contracts traded, compared to 151,582 in September. Agribusiness markets totaled 61,356 open interest contracts at the end of the last trading day of October. In September, these contracts totaled 74,238.

Volumes and Trades – Minicontracts
The derivatives market for mini contracts traded 1,334,414 contracts in the month of October, compared to 1,177,213 in September. Of this total, the futures market for Ibovespa mini contracts traded 1,264,865 compared to 1,103,632 contracts in the previous month. Mini U.S. dollar futures traded 68,272 contracts, compared to 72,085 in September. Mini futures contracts ended October with 18,575 open interest contracts, in contrast to 27,498 in the previous month.

Volumes and Trades – Spot Gold
The spot gold market (250 grams) traded, in October, 1.137 contracts, compared to 1.216 contracts in September. Spot gold market volume totaled BRL 16.66 million, compared to BRL 17.70 million in the previous month.

Investor Participation
In October, financial institutions led derivatives trading (BM&F segment), being responsible for 42.49% of contracts traded, compared to 43.86% in the previous month. Institutional investors were responsible for 27.12%, compared to 26.77%; foreign investors represented 21.66%, in contrast to 20.31%; individuals represented 6.83% compared to 7.16%; and companies, were responsible for 1.90%, the same as the previous month.

Individual Investors
In October, there were 87.089 individual investors with at least one account registered at the Derivatives Clearinghouse, compared to 85,033 in the previous month.

Source: MondoVision, 06.11.2009

Filed under: BM&FBOVESPA, Brazil, Exchanges, Latin America, News, , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

ASX to Introduce Renewable Energy Futures Next Month

Oct. 7 (Bloomberg) — The Australian Securities Exchange said trading in renewable-energy futures and options will start next month after lawmakers passed a bill requiring the nation to derive 20 percent of its power from clean fuels.

The exchange, owned by ASX Ltd., said it will list futures and options contracts for renewable energy certificates on Nov. 24. The ASX said trading of certified emission reduction contracts would be introduced in the first quarter of next year.

“This is an extension of the products we’re already providing,” Anthony Collins, the exchange’s general manager of energy and environmental markets, said by phone today. “It will help firms manage risk” posed by fluctuating prices and to “invest with certainty.”

Australia, the world’s biggest coal exporter, must source 20 percent of its power from renewable energy by 2020 under the new law. Broader emission-reduction legislation proposed in Australia may be resubmitted in November after being defeated by upper-house lawmakers. Prime Minister Kevin Rudd wants carbon trading to start in 2011.

The ASX also said it plans to list futures and options on carbon emission permits if the government’s pollution reduction plan is passed. A futures contract is an agreement to buy or sell a specific amount of a commodity or security at a specific price and time. Options grant the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell at a set price.

The introduction of futures and options contracts on renewable energy certificates supports the Australian government’s new target, the Australian Securities Exchange said. Each REC is equal to one megawatt-hour of renewable energy generation.

“All of these markets are small to start with,” Collins said. “They will take several years to mature.”

Source: Bloomberg,07.10.2009

Filed under: Asia, Australia, Energy & Environment, Exchanges, News, Risk Management, , , , , , , , , ,

Taiwan Investors Gain Access To HKEx Derivatives Market’s H-Shares Index Products

Investors in Taiwan can now buy and sell the H-shares index (HHI) products traded in Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing Limited’s (HKEx) derivatives market, which comprise HHI futures, HHI options and Mini HHI futures, following the Taiwan financial regulator’s decision to add the products to its list of overseas futures and options contracts with trading authorisation.  Before the admission of the HHI products, Hang Seng Index (HSI) futures, HSI options and Mini HSI futures were the only Hong Kong Futures Exchange products on the list.

HKEx recommends Futures Exchange Participants interested in possible business opportunities stemming from the regulatory change refer to the details posted on the Taiwan financial regulator’s website to ensure they comply with all the applicable rules and regulations.

“We welcome Taiwan investors’ participation in our markets,” said HKEx Chief Operating Officer Gerald Greiner. “We understand from market participants that there have been signs of increased Taiwan investor interest in our HHI products.

“We continue to see healthy demand for our HHI products and other products that form the China dimension of our market,” Mr Greiner said.

“Investors in many markets have access to our products so we will continue to promote them here in Hong Kong and overseas,” Mr Greiner added.

Source: Mondovisione, 06.10.2009

Filed under: Asia, China, Exchanges, Hong Kong, News, Services, , , , , , , , , , ,

Tokyo Stock Exchange launches new Tdex+ options trading platform

Tokyo Stock Exchange, Inc. (“TSE”) is pleased to announce today the successful launch of “Tdex+ System”, a new trading platform for options contracts. Tdex+ System is the advanced electronic trading system based on LIFFE CONNECT®, which has been used by NYSE Liffe , the largest European derivatives exchange by trading value, and is highly rated for its performance and functionality by investors worldwide. With the introduction of Tdex+ System, order processing performance is dramatically improved to 6 milliseconds of order response* and about 20 thousand transactions per second. Functionality for strategy trades is enhanced as well.

In addition to this, TSE also introduced the Market Maker scheme for all listed options contracts today. Market makers started to quote bid and offer continuously for not only Options on JGB Futures, which have already high liquidity, but also Equity Options.

Atsushi Saito, President and CEO of Tokyo Stock Exchange Group, Inc. said “Today’s launch of Tdex+ System is the first step to further develop the TSE options market. The introduction of the Market Maker scheme provides investors the opportunity to trade Japanese options contracts in a highly transparent exchange market. I strongly believe that development of options market enhances the possibilities of alternative investments on Japanese financial markets, and greatly contributes to make Japanese markets more attractive. TSE will continue to make every effort to establish efficient and convenient markets for investors around the globe in the future.”

“NYSE Euronext is privileged to play an important role in the TSE’s Tdex+ System,” said Duncan L. Niederauer, CEO, NYSE Euronext.”Today’s launch of Tdex+ is the culmination of a year long endeavor involving both business and technology teams from NYSE Euronext working in partnership with the TSE.Technology provides the foundation for future business co-operation between our two organizations, and we are committed to doing our part to deliver significant benefit and value to the TSE and its customers.”

Source: Finextra, 05.10.2009

Filed under: Asia, Exchanges, Japan, News, Trading Technology, , , , , , , , ,

Celent: More positive reviews for India shares

Celent is the latest to sing the praises of India’s stock market.

The Indian equity markets are showing signs of recovery, according to Celent, a Boston-based financial research and consulting firm. Although India’s equity market capitalisation is still some way off the 2007 high of $3.3 trillion, it is expected to exceed 2008 levels in 2009 at $1.9 trillion, the firm says in its latest report on India shares.

Celent is the latest to sing praises for India’s stock market. Earlier this month, Credit Suisse unveiled a new target of 17,000 for India’s Bombay Stock Exchange benchmark index (Sensex). In June, BNP Paribas recommended its clients to reduce their exposure to China, which it has lowered to neutral from overweight, and increase their allocations to India, where the bank remains overweight. BNP Paribas’ own target for the Sensex is 16,500. The Sensex closed at 15,160.24 on Friday.

The key findings of the Celent report include:

India is one of the main emerging equity markets. The country’s leading stock exchange, National Stock Exchange (NSE) is ranked third in terms of the number of equity trades of individual exchanges. The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is also one of the leading exchanges worldwide, and the Indian market continues to hold further promise, as the economy is expected to grow 5-6% even in the current economic downturn.

The NSE is expected to overtake the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) in market capitalisation in 2009. Already far ahead in turnover, the NSE is expected to further its lead. It has already cornered the exchange-based debt markets and the equity derivatives business and become the exchange of choice in India.

The NSE is preferred by foreign institutional investors (FIIs), while retail investors, domestic brokers, and sub-brokers prefer the BSE. NSE turnover is two times that of the BSE because FIIs hold on to shares for a shorter period of time than their local counterparts.

India’s debt market is underdeveloped. In spite of growth, the Indian corporate debt market is far behind developed and emerging economies worldwide. At an expected turnover value of $70 billion in 2009, it is equal to less than 10% of the government debt market.

In the equity derivatives market, volatility has meant that the investors prefer to trade more in index derivatives because they are far more liquid than stock futures and options. Index futures and options now comprise 64% of the trading done in futures and options. Just like equities, the equity derivatives market has also recovered, and the turnover in the fiscal year 2010 is expected to be around $3 trillion, close to the figure in FY 2008. The growth in turnover and volume has made NSE one of the top 10 derivatives exchanges in the world. Having one of the highest growth rates in 2008 (56%), it is expected to do even better in the future. Interestingly, in spite of being more complex a product than cash equity, the equity derivatives market is quite popular with retail investors, and they had more than 50% of the market share consistently throughout the period of June 2008 to May 2009. This bodes well for the breadth of participation in the market.

The equity derivatives market is dominated by the NSE, due to the superior use of technology and better strategy. Also, the NSE has a high growth rate, and it is expected to break into the global top five by volume in the near future. In 2008, it had a trade volume of 590 million contracts and grew by 55.4% over the previous year. This made it the eighth largest derivatives exchange in the world.

Stock futures and options are not very liquid. The stock futures developed as the number of stocks traded has gone up from around 30 to 40 stocks to between 150 and 200. However, stock options are illiquid, except in the case of leading companies, meaning that a lot of transaction volume is driven by a few signatures. This situation could be worrisome in the long run, and there is certainly room for improvement.

Index futures and options dominate the NSE’s equity derivatives portfolio. Reasons for this include: recent volatility in the global markets, the participation of retail investors (comprising 53% of the turnover in the NSE in May 2009) in the derivatives market, and the fact that it is easier for investors to use index futures and options.

Currency futures have started promisingly. In the period between October 2008 and June 2009, the total volume traded on the NSE and MCX-SX was 132 million contracts, which compares favourably with 577 million exchange-traded currency futures globally in 2008. The combined monthly volume was above 29 million contracts for the two Indian exchanges.

Interest rate futures are expected to be reintroduced before the end of 2009. The Indian capital markets have been undergoing incremental reform, and once currency futures have established themselves, the Reserve Bank of India, the central bank, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi), and the capital market regulator plan to establish new regulations and reintroduce interest rate futures.

For the interest rate futures market to succeed, banks should be allowed to trade. Futures failed miserably in 2003 because the banks were only allowed to hedge. As the main participants in these markets, banks should be allowed to trade and build up the demand-side of the market.

Volatility is high, and a product such as NSE’s volatility index would be useful. NSE has come out with a volatility index, which is a market-wide index. At present, it is not available for trading. However, it is important that NSE soon introduce trading in an index because this will be very useful for market modelling and will help investors cope with the uncertain capital markets better.

Foreign institutional investment has begun to reverse its decline in recent months. FII drives the Indian equity markets. There is a high correlation of0.38 between the between the performance of the Sensex and FII over the period of January 2004 and May 2009, and it had been affected by the recent crisis. However, April and May 2009 have been the first months with positive net monthly investment in equity in more than a year. There are signs that these investors are rediscovering their faith in Indian equity markets. The share of Asian FIIs has risen, comprising 25% of all the registered FIIs in India, closely following the US, which has 29%.

The role of domestic institutional investors (DIIs) and the retail investors is becoming more prominent in the Indian markets.

Retail investment will grow as technology improves and reach increases. While it may be some time before the retail investors become the main driver of the markets, they are becoming stronger, and the advent of exchanges such as the NSE and recently, MCX-SX will improve the possibility of domestic savings being invested in capital markets.

Indian capital markets are advanced technologically but need to continuously improve to be competitive internationally. Strategic partnerships with the world’s leading exchanges and an understanding of the importance of technology to improve both price and speed, is crucial. The exchanges need to work continuously to ensure they remain attractive destinations for international capital.

Supervision and innovation in the capital markets can be improved. Sebi has done a great job in fostering the rapid development of Indian capital markets. However, market manipulations need to be dealt with severely, and Sebi needs to play a more active role. Due to the late development of the Indian market, the regulator has so far been prudent, but as the Indian markets get more globalised and mature, Sebi could introduce innovations such as alternative trading venues to add breadth to and modernise the Indian capital markets sooner than would have been possible a decade ago.

Market-making should be allowed to provide greater depth and liquidity to the markets. Presently, market-making is not permitted by Sebi, possibly because it might be very complicated to monitor. However, it is an internationally accepted practice that is essential for the development of the markets, and Sebi should introduce it sooner rather than later.,10.08.2009  Rita Raagas De Ramos

Filed under: Asia, Exchanges, India, News, , , , , , , , ,

Is Carbon Trading the Next Big Thing?

The U.S. carbon credit trading business could take off if the Senate passes the Waxman-Markey climate change bill. Current environmental market players such as Citi, the CME, the Chicago Climate Exchange and BlueNext are preparing to capitalize on the expected surge.

The fledgling U.S. carbon credit market, currently a $100 million-plus business, is poised to skyrocket if The American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009, which recently was passed by the House, makes it through the Senate. The bill would limit, or “cap,” the amount of carbon emissions that companies can produce each year.

Under the bill, sponsored by Representatives Henry Waxman (D-CA) and Edward Markey (D-MA), firms that produce more greenhouse gases than they’re allowed would be able to buy credits from companies that have produced fewer emissions than they’re allotted, creating a large market for carbon credits. President Obama has estimated that more than a half-trillion dollars’ worth of carbon credits will be auctioned in the first seven years after the bill is enacted.

The United States was the first country to introduce a cap-and-trade scheme. The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments established an emissions trading system to reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2) from fossil fuel-burning power plants. According to Randy Warsager, director of green products at CME Group, the SO2 market was challenged last year by an unfavorable court decision, but it has been rebuilding slowly.

A voluntary market currently exists for carbon credit trading, primarily through regional initiatives such as the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI), which covers Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maryland and Rhode Island. In the RGGI’s latest auction in June, 30.8 million allowances were sold for $3.23 each, which raised more than $104 million for the 10 Northeastern states to invest in energy-efficiency and renewable energy programs. (Each allowance represents a ton of carbon that electric plants can release.)

Profiting From the Environment

Citi is among the investment banks that have been moving forward in the environmental products space. Garth Edward, the firm’s director of environmental markets, began trading environmental products with the introduction of the EPA’s NOx Budget Trading Program, a cap-and-trade program that the EPA created in 2003 to reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) from power plants and other large combustion sources. For the past few years Citi has focused primarily on CO2 trading, which has been driven by the European Union’s emissions trading system. “This is where the bulk of liquidity is, most of the capital flow that drives emission reduction projects around the world,” Edward notes.

Growth in market activity and the capital deployed in environmental products has been strong, primarily because of cap-and-trade legislation, according to Edward. “Where you have a step forward in legislation such as the EU emissions trading system, the voluntary agreements in Japan and the Waxman-Markey legislation, that’s the kind of process that starts creating compliance requirements on end users and incentivizes service and technology providers to provide solutions,” he says.

Despite the projected growth in environmental markets, Credit Suisse recently cut back its New York-based carbon trading team; Carbon Finance, a newsletter dedicated to the global markets in greenhouse gas emissions, reported that half the team will depart early next year as part of a de-emphasizing of the business. According to the Carbon Finance report, going forward Credit Suisse will focus on environmental trading on behalf of its clients, which are mostly European. (Credit Suisse did not respond to Carbon Finance’s nor to Wall Street & Technology’s requests for an interview.)

Meanwhile the primary U.S. exchanges involved in carbon trading are the Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX) and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME). The CCX trades allowance and offset contracts that each represent 100 metric tons of CO2 equivalent. The Chicago Climate Futures Exchange, a subsidiary of the CCX, trades RGGI futures and options contracts. The CCFE reported record trading volume for June 2009 — it traded 133,175 contracts versus its previous record of 132,319 in April.

The CME — along with partners Evolution Markets, Morgan Stanley, Credit Suisse, Goldman Sachs, J.P. Morgan, Merrill Lynch, Tudor Investment, Constellation Energy, Vitol, RNK Capital, ICAP and TFS Energy — has applied for CFTC approval for a Green Exchange, on which it will trade all the environmental products it already trades on its commodities exchange. (For more on the CME’s carbon credit trading efforts, see “CME Revs Up for Surge in Carbon Credit Trading“.)

Europe’s BlueNext, an environmental exchange that’s 60 percent owned by NYSE Euronext, plans to open an office in New York “very shortly,” according to Keiron Allen, the exchange’s marketing and communications director. It plans to start trading contracts within the RGGI market by the end of the year, Allen reports, adding that the exchange intends to compete with the U.S. environmental exchanges. “It will be a race to see who gains critical mass first,” he says.

The European Experience

In Europe, cap-and-trade rules similar to those outlined in the Waxman-Markey bill have been in effect since 2005; carbon credits are traded on the European Climate Exchange (ECX), BlueNext, Nord Pool (the Nordic Power Exchange) and the European Energy Exchange (EEX).

BlueNext trades European Union Allowances, the carbon emission allowances used in the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme, and Certified Emission Reductions, which are carbon credits issued under the rules of the Kyoto Protocol, which is part of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, an international environmental treaty with the goal of reducing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere. BlueNext trades an average of 5 million tons’ worth of carbon emissions a day. Its 100 members (buyers and sellers on the exchange) are carbon-emitting companies, financial firms with their own trading desks and carbon credit aggregators that act as brokers.

BlueNext’s model is different than most other carbon exchanges, Allen says, because it uses a delivery-versus-payment system rather than a clearing system. “In a delivery-versus-payment system, there’s zero counterparty risk,” he contends. “If you sell contracts, you’ve got to put them into your account on the exchange first. And if you want to buy something, you have to put money in your exchange account first. Each party knows the other’s got the right amount of money or contracts.” Allen adds that in BlueNext, trades are physically settled within 10 or 15 minutes, versus the more typical T+1, T+2 or T+3 for commodities settlement.

The European carbon market has been growing quickly; the U.S. market still is in its infancy. Trading activity in the European Emissions Trading Scheme grew by 54 percent in the first quarter of 2009 compared to Q4 2008, reaching $28 billion, according to Carbon Finance. This represented 84 percent of the world’s carbon market in terms of value and 78 percent of its volume. Carbon trading in the U.S., on the other hand, made up only 3.7 percent of the trading volume and 1 percent of the value of the global carbon market. According to CME’s Warsager, though, “We’re hoping to build some market share [in the U.S.] as we move forward with the Green Exchange.”

The CME isn’t the only institution hoping to capitalize on carbon credit trading in the U.S. But what are the barriers to entry to this new market? At Evolution Markets, a White Plains, N.Y.-based voice brokerage for environment and energy products, the trading floor is as noisy and chaotic as any commodities trading room. According to firm spokesman Evan A. Ard, the technology required for carbon credit trading is no different from the technology required to trade other commodities.

Jubin Pejman, VP, Americas, for Trayport, whose energy commodities trading and order matching software is used by 13,000 traders and many investment banks and utilities in Europe and the U.S., agrees that carbon futures trade like any other type of futures contract. “You have hedge funds speculating, you have industrials buying them, you have brokers,” he says. “At any futures exchange around the world, it’s the same type of breakup. From a technology standpoint, there’s a matching engine, there’s risk management, there’s margin management, there are counterparties, there’s clearing. BlueNext, for example, looks very much like other futures exchanges.”

BlueNext’s Allen, however, points out one big difference between carbon emissions contracts and other commodities: “If you’ve got a spot market for oil or grain, you physically deliver that oil or grain to the buyer,” he explains. “You don’t roll up in a giant truck and deliver 15,000 tons of carbon dioxide.”

Regional carbon futures contracts in the U.S. tend to be processed manually or through voice trading. “Europe is about 10 years ahead of the curve as far as technology for energy emissions trading,” Trayport’s Pejman says. He explains that large European financial firms have their own carbon trading platforms; smaller entities turn to third-party solutions such as Trayport’s platform.

But, Citi’s Edward says, in terms of technology and compliance, carbon trading should not be difficult for many U.S. firms because emissions trading in the U.S. has been around for more than a decade. The same IT processes, management systems, accounting systems, and even risk management and hedging systems will work under the new carbon credit trading scheme, he points out. “We’re not introducing something that’s conceptually dramatically new and untried in the U.S.,” Edward notes.

BlueNext’s Allen says the exchange will publish a how-to book by the fourth quarter to help small and medium-size firms get involved in carbon trading. (Hearing this, Trayport’s Pejman jokes that the book will be made out of Styrofoam.)

The Future of U.S. Carbon Trading

Even as firms build out their carbon credit trading capabilities, the market is expected to reach significant levels fairly quickly. President Obama has predicted that about $646 billion worth of carbon credits will be auctioned in the first seven years of the mandatory cap-and-trade system in the U.S.; others have suggested the number could be two or three times that. To the novice onlooker, this would suggest a healthy rate of carbon credit market growth.

But Citi’s Edward demurs. “The actual volume of allowances issued is not necessarily what drives liquidity and price,” he says. “It is the ambition of the target that drives activity.”

According to Edward, the U.S. experience may mirror the EU’s emissions trading system, which, he says, is similar in size in terms of covered installations and required emission reductions. “The EU turns over close to a half-billion dollars’ worth of allowance transactions a day, so that may be a reasonable expectation for the U.S.,” Edward comments.

The Waxman-Markey bill currently would take effect in 2012; the Senate may postpone this start time to 2013. Still, “We’d expect trading to take place far in advance of that first compliance year,” Edward says. “That’s the normal case with environmental trading systems — companies that dispatch power generation or refineries need to hedge in advance their emissions exposure; they need to lock in the margins around running their plant, and that requires them to buy the allowances in advance.” If the first compliance year is 2013, Edward says, he would expect early trading to begin in 2010.

Trayport’s Pejman notes that once the legislation is passed, there will be a race to the market. “Whoever is already in production will have a tremendous advantage over those that are scrambling to get ready,” he asserts.

But what if the Senate doesn’t pass this bill? “That would change everybody’s plans,” BlueNext’s Allen concedes. “I like the Woody Allen joke: ‘How do you make God laugh? Write down your plans.’ “

Source: Wallstreet & Technology, 19.07.2009 By Penny Crosman

Filed under: Energy & Environment, News, Risk Management, Services, Trading Technology, , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,